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Table 1 characteristics of the patients (N = 357)

From: Structured chronic primary care and health-related quality of life in chronic heart failure

Age (mean years, SD) 75.7 (10.2)
Sex (% male) 52.9
NYHA class (% I & II) 73.1
Optimal pharmacological treatment (% yes) 33.1
   ACE/ARB (%) 58.3
   β-blockers 46.9
   Spironolactone 31.0
Lifestyle advice (0 – 8) (mean, SD) 4.4 (2.7)
   Heart signs and symptoms (% yes) 58.3
   Type of heart disorder 52.8
   Medication intake 54.2
   Reduced salt and limited fluid intake 37.5
   Physical activity 41.6
   Flu prevention 91.1
   Weighing regularly 54.7
   Coping behaviour 42.8
Quality of Life (0 – 105, less is better) (mean, SD) 30.5 (24.8)
   Men 26.3 (1.9)
   Women 35.5 (2.4)
   NYHA class I 15.5 (1.5)
   NYHA class II 36.6 (2.4)
   NYHA class III 51.5 (2.7)
   NYHA class IV 57.4 (11.3)
   ≤ 75 27.0 (2.3)
   > 75 33.5 (2.0)