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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample (n = 250)

From: Physicians' attitudes about obesity and their associations with competency and specialty: A cross-sectional study

Variables Specialty
  Full Sample Internal Medicine Pediatrics Psychiatry Significance 1
% (n) 100% (250) 37% (93) 24% (59) 39% (98)  
Physician Characteristics
   % (n) Female 48% (121) 39% (36) 56% (33) 44% (43) X2 = 4.39 p = .112
Training Characteristics
Mean (SD) Yrs Since Residency 14.4 (11.4) 13.7 (11.5) 13.9 (10.7) 16.8 (12.3) F = 1.39 p = .252
Practice Characteristics
Time Spent Providing Direct Care in Public Outpatient Setting2 2.5 (1.2) 2.7 (1.4) 2.6 (1.3) 2.3 (1.5) F = 1.35 P = .26
   Mean (SD) Hrs/Wk See Outpatients 22.0 (14.8) 21.5 (14.8) 24.1 (17.3) 21.4 (13.5) F = .58 p = .562
   Mean (SD) % of Pts in Practice Obese 21.9 (16.5) 28.4 (15.8) 18.2 (16.3) 18.0 (15.4) F = 11.22 P < .001 Peds, Psych<IM
Perceived Obesity Counseling Skills 3
   Mean (SD) Assess 2.9 (.6) 3.0 (.5) 3.1 (.6) 2.8 (.7) F = 6.66 p = .002 Psych<IM, Peds
   Mean (SD) Advise 2.9 (.7) 3.1 (.6) 3.1 (.6) 2.8 (.7) F = 5.95 p = .003 Psych<IM, Peds
   Mean (SD) Agree 2.8 (.8) 2.9 (.7) 2.8 (.8) 2.6 (.8) F = 5.32 p = .006 Psych<IM, Peds
   Mean (SD) Assist 2.6 (.8) 2.7 (.7) 2.6 (.8) 2.6 (.8) F = .16 p = .85
   Mean (SD) Arrange 2.9 (.7) 2.8 (.7) 3.0 (.7) 3.9 (.7) F = 2.63 p = .074
   Mean (SD) Reported % of Pts in Practice Lose Weight 14.4 (11.4) 15.2 (15.7) 7.5 (9.0) 16.5 (18.3) F = 4.44 p = .013 Psych, IM>Peds
  1. 1Chi square analyses conducted for categorical variables, one way ANOVAs conducted for continuous variables. Tukey's post hoc tests used to identify group differences when overall F test was <.05.
  2. 2 5-point scale: 1 = No time spent, 2 = up to 25% of effort, 3 = 25% – 50% effort, 4 = 50% – 75%, 5>75% effort
  3. 3 Average of questions corresponding to each 5A's category using 4-point scale: 1 = Know very little about and not able to perform; 2 = Know something about and somewhat able to perform; 3 = Able to perform well; and 4 = Able to teach others how to perform