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Table 1 Health Services Research Doctoral Level Core Competencies and Associated Learning Objective Content Areas

From: Health services research doctoral core competencies

# Core Competency Associated Learning Objective Content Areas
1 Demonstrate breadth of HSR theoretical and conceptual knowledgeby applying alternative models from a range of relevant disciplines. Biomedicine Economics Epidemiology Informatics Management Sciences Political Science Psychology Sociology Statistics
2 Apply in-depth disciplinary knowledge and skillsrelevant to health services research. Variable depending on the discipline or interdisciplinary area of specialization
3 Apply knowledge of the structures, performance, quality, policy, and environmental context of health and health care to formulate solutions for health policy problems. Access and Use Financing of Health Care Health Health Economics Health Policy Organization of Health Care Quality of Care
4 Pose innovative and important health service research questions, informed by systematic reviews of the literature, stakeholder needs, and relevant theoretical and conceptual models. Scientific Method and Theory Literature Review Proposal Development
5 Select appropriate interventional, observational, or qualitative study designsto address specific health services research questions. Study Design for Interventions Observational Study Design Qualitative Research
6 Know how to collect primary health and health care dataobtained by survey, qualitative, or mixed methods. Survey Research Qualitative Research Primary Data Acquisition and Quality Control
7 Know how to assemble secondary datafrom existing public and private sources. Health Informatics HSR Data Sources Secondary Data Acquisition and Quality Control
8 Use conceptual models and operational measuresto specify study constructs for a health services research question and develop variables that reliably and validly measure these constructs. Measurement Theory and Methods Variable Construction
9 Implement research protocolswith standardized procedures that ensure reproducibility of the science. Research Management
10 Ensure the ethical and responsible conduct of researchin the design, implementation, and dissemination of health services research. Research Ethics
11 Work collaboratively in multi-disciplinary teams. Teamwork
12 Use appropriate analytical methodsto clarify associations between variables and to delineate causal inferences. Advanced HSR Analytic Methods Advanced Statistics Economic Evaluation Decision Sciences
13 Effectively communicate the findings and implications of HSRthrough multiple modalities to technical and lay audiences. Proposal Development Dissemination
14 Understand the importance of collaborating with stakeholders, such as policymakers, organizations, and communities to plan, conduct, and translate health services research into policy and practice. Community Participatory Research Translating research into practice and policy