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Table 4 Temporal proportion of physicians' activities on the clinical ward, emergency ward, in the intensive care unit, and in the operating room

From: Participant observation of time allocation, direct patient contact and simultaneous activities in hospital physicians

  Ward Emergency Ward Intensive Care Unit Operating room
  N = 20 N = 9 N = 3 N = 3
Direct patient contact 19.5 33.1 18.7 74.6
Patient communication 9.7 12.9 2.5 2.8
Diagnostics 4.9 13.7 6.9 .4
Therapy 4.9 6.5 9.2 71.5
Indirect patient contact 70.8 56.4 72.8 18.1
Documentation 35.0 29.2 27.8 3.1
Conversation with staff 19.0 18.2 30.0 7.1
Conversation with others 2.4 1.4 3.6 .1
Organizing 2.6 1.6 1.6 3.3
Meetings 11.8 6.1 9.8 4.6
Other professional activities 1.3 .6   
Personal activities 8.4 9.9 8.5 7.2
  1. Note: N Number of observations; numbers in cells: %t percentage of shift's time spent in observed activity.