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Table 3 Impact of supplementary private health insurance on various aspects of the cancer care experience.

From: Impact of supplementary private health insurance on stomach cancer care in Korea: a cross-sectional study

Access to healthcare
    Univariate OR(95% C.I.) Adjusted OR(95% C.I.)
  Stage at Diagnosis   
  II – IIIb Ia – Ib   
No PHI 61 (32.3) 128 (67.7)   
Having PHI 48 (25.8) 138 (73.8) 1.37 (0.86 – 2.15) 1.66 (0.93 – 2.99)
  Difficulty receiving surgery   
  No Yes   
No PHI 113 (61.4) 71 (38.6)   
Having PHI 115 (62.8) 68 (37.2) 0.94 (0.62 – 1.44) 1.09 (0.59 – 1.74)
Quality of cancer care
  Treatment according to guidelines   
  No Yes   
No PHI 28 (15.2) 156 (84.8)   
Having PHI 16 (8.8) 165 (91.2) 1.85 (0.96 – 3.55) 2.43 (0.98 – 6.04)
  Overall satisfaction with care   
  No Yes   
No PHI 28 (15.1) 157 (84.9)   
Having PHI 28 (15.1) 157 (84.9) 1.00 (0.57 – 1.77) 1.21 (0.58 – 2.52)
Communication & patient autonomy
  Involvement in decision making   
  No Yes   
No PHI 71 (38.8) 112 (61.2)   
Having PHI 79 (42.7) 106 (57.3) 0.85 (0.56 – 1.29) 0.77 (0.45 – 1.30)
  Reflection of own opinion in decision   
  No Yes   
No PHI 124 (67.8) 59 (32.2)   
Having PHI 121 (66.5) 61 (33.5) 1.06 (0.69 – 1.64) 1.03 (0.59 – 1.79)
Financial & social independence
  Payment of treatment costs by oneself   
  No Yes   
No PHI 109 (57.4) 59 (31.6)   
Having PHI 81 (42.6) 128 (68.4) 2.92 (1.92 – 4.45) 2.07 (1.19 – 3.61)
  Job maintenance after cancer treatment   
  No Yes   
No PHI 29 (29.3) 70 (70.7)   
Having PHI 26 (18.3) 116 (81.7) 1.85 (1.01 – 3.39) 0.93 (0.43 – 1.99)
  1. * Adjusted by standard logistic regression for possible confounding variables (e.g., age at diagnosis, educational status, religion, income, residential area, and employment status at the time of diagnosis).
  2. ** N = 253, having a job at the time of diagnosis.