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Table 1 Univariate analysis of association between selected factors and treatment adherence

From: Adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment among pulmonary tuberculosis patients: a qualitative and quantitative study

Variables Total Adherent OR(95% CI) Pvalue
  n Yes, n(%) No, n(%)   
Gender      
   Men 492 434(88.21) 58(11.79) 1.00  
   Women 178 154(86.52) 24(13.48) 1.17(0.70-1.94) 0.555
Age (years)      
   <53 326 292(89.57) 34(10.43) 1.00  
   ≥53 344 296(86.05) 48(13.95) 1.39(0.87-2.22) 0.165
Education      
   Junior high school or over 325 295(90.77) 30(9.23) 1.00  
   Elementary school 196 173(88.27) 23(11.73) 1.31(0.74-2.32) 0.361
   Illiterate 149 120(80.54) 29(19.46) 2.38(1.37-4.13) 0.002
Marital status      
   Married 495 441(89.09) 54(10.91) 1.00  
   Unmarried 105 93(88.57) 12(11.43) 1.05(0.54-2.05) 0.877
   Divorced/widowed 70 54(77.14) 16(22.86) 2.42(1.30-4.52) 0.006
Family monthly income per capita (Yuan)      
   <450 328 288(87.80) 40(12.20) 1.00  
   ≥450 342 300(87.72) 42(12.28) 1.01(0.63-1.60) 0.973
Health insurance      
   Yes 570 507(88.95) 63(11.05) 1.00  
   No 100 81(81.00) 19(19.00) 1.89(1.07-3.32) 0.027
Residence status      
   Permanent residents 606 537(88.61) 69(11.39) 1.00  
   Migrants 64 51(79.69) 13(20.31) 1.98(1.03-3.83) 0.041
Treatment history      
   Newly treated 578 505(87.37) 73(12.63) 1.00  
   Retreated 92 83(90.22) 9(9.78) 0.75(0.36-1.56) 0.440
Observed treatment      
   Self-administered 113 86(76.11) 27(23.89) 1.00  
   Observed by family members or others 117 95(81.20) 22(18.80) 0.74(0.39-1.39) 0.347
   Home-based drug delivery 120 105(87.50) 15(12.50) 0.46(0.23-0.91) 0.026
   Directly observed by village doctors 320 302(94.38) 18(5.63) 0.19(0.10-0.36) < 0.001
Regular home-visiting by health workers      
   No 28 18(64.29) 10(35.71) 1.00  
   Yes 642 570(88.79) 72(11.21) 0.23(0.10-0.51) < 0.001