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Table 2 Principal Component Factor Analysis with Varimax rotation for a 5-factor solution of AESED for the carers of relatives with an eating disorder (1st stage; N = 193)

From: Development and validation of the Accommodation and Enabling Scale for Eating Disorders (AESED) for caregivers in eating disorders

  Factor Loadings Item-scale correlation Communality
Items 1 2 3 4 5   
Factor 1:Avoidance &Modifying Routine (AMR) (Cronbach alpha 0.90)        
38. Has helping your relative in the previously mentioned ways caused you distress? 0.79 0.12 0.10 - - 0.56 0.65
34. Have you modified your family routine because of your relative's symptoms? 0.78 - 0.17 0.15 - 0.60 0.67
37. Have you modified your leisure activities because of your relative's needs? 0.77 0.16 - 0.15 0.11 0.70 0.65
33. Have you avoided doing things, going places or being with people because of your relative's disorder? 0.76 0.16 - 0.26 - 0.61 0.68
39. Has your relative become distressed when you have not provided assistance? 0.75 0.23 0.10 - 0.15 0.64 0.66
36. Have you modified your work schedule because of your relative's needs? 0.69 0.11 - - - 0.45 0.50
40. Has your relative become angry/abusive when you have not provided assistance? 0.68 0.27 0.11 - 0.18 0.62 0.59
32. How often did you assist your relative in avoiding things that might make him/her anxious? 0.65 - 0.18 - 0.11 0.49 0.47
28. To what extent would you say that the relative with an eating disorder controls family life and activities? 0.64 0.23 0.13 0.25 - 0.64 0.55
31. How often did you participate in behaviours related to your relative's compulsions? Over the past week? 0.45 - 0.26 0.11 0.31 0.48 0.39
Factor 2: Reassurance Seeking(RS) (Cronbach alpha 0.86)        
9. Repeated seeking of reassurance about whether she looks fat in certain clothes? - 0.84 - - 0.11 0.43 0.73
7. Repeated questioning about whether she will get fat? 0.13 0.83 - 0.13 - 0.45 0.72
8. Repeated questioning whether it is safe or acceptable to eat certain foods? 0.17 0.75 0.13 0.16 -0.15 0.51 0.66
22. Accommodation of routines of checking their body shape or weight? - 0.67 0.20 - 0.10 0.45 0.52
13. Repeated conversations about negative thoughts and feelings? 0.17 0.67 - 0.14 - 0.48 0.50
14. Repeated conversations about self-harm? 0.27 0.63 - -   0.43 0.40
12. Repeated conversations about ingredients and amounts in food preparation 0.25 0.54 0.28 0.19 -0.26 0.52 0.54
21. Accommodation of the exercise routine of the relative with an ED? 0.11 0.48 0.33 - - 0.40 0.35
Factor 3: Meal Ritual(MR) (Cronbach alpha 0.86)        
19. Accommodating to how the kitchen is cleaned? - - 0.89 - - 0.38 0.80
16. Accommodating to how crockery is cleaned? - - 0.84 - - 0.43 0.72
15. Accommodating to what crockery is used? 0.18 0.13 0.70 0.21 - 0.53 0.58
20. Accommodating to how food is stored? 0.13 - 0.68 0.14 - 0.43 0.50
18. Accommodating to what place food is eaten in? 0.32 - 0.65 0.31 - 0.59 0.64
23. Accommodating to how the house is cleaned and tidied? - 0.20 0.62 - 0.28 0.40 0.50
17. Accommodating to what time food is eaten? 0.24 0.14 0.53 0.32 -0.24 0.48 0.52
Factor 4: Control of Family(CF) (Cronbach alpha 0.85)        
3. Control cooking practice and ingredients used 0.28 0.18 0.14 0.78 - 0.55 0.75
4. Control what other family members eat - 0.22 0.23 0.78 - 0.51 0.72
2. Control what family members do and for how long in the kitchen 0.18 - 0.38 0.72 - 0.53 0.72
1. Control choice of food that you buy 0.35 0.14 - 0.71 - 0.55 0.65
Factor 5: 'Turning a Blind Eye' (TBE) (Cronbach alpha 0.77)        
27. Ignore bathroom left in a mess 0.14 - - -0.13 0.76 0.14 0.62
24. Ignore food disappearing 0.13 - - 0.25 0.76 0.32 0.66
26. Ignore kitchen left in a mess 0.18 - - 0.25 0.72 0.29 0.62
25. Ignore if money is taken 0.13 - - -0.13 0.65 0.19 0.47
Eigenvalue 9.5 3.4 3.0 2.2 1.7   
Percentage Variance explained 28.7 10.3 9.1 6.6 5.3   
Cumulative percentage variance explained 17.3 30.3 43.1 52.2 60.1   
  1. *Note. Bold values showing the five factor loadings
  2. *Note. Loadings below 0.10 are not presented.