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Table 4 Carers' AESED scores by eating disorder diagnosis, co-morbidity, average number of contact hours a week and carers own eating problems (1st stage; n = 193)

From: Development and validation of the Accommodation and Enabling Scale for Eating Disorders (AESED) for caregivers in eating disorders

Variables Avoidance & M. Reassuranc S. Meal Ritual Control Family T. Blind Eye Overall AESED ECI-Negative FQ-CC FQ-EOI
Total sample 19.7 (9.8) 11.2 (7.8) 7.7 (7.1) 8.5 (4.5) 2.3 (3.5) 49.4 (23.3) 103.9 (36.6) 23.4 (5.5) 28.2 (4.4)
AN carers (N = 136) 19.9 (10) 11.3 (8.0) 8.1 (7.4) 8.9 (4.3) 1.7 (3.2) 49.8 (23.2) 103.1 (35.2) 23.4 (5.6) 28.5 (4.2)
BN carers (N = 47) 19.0 (9.8) 10.9 (7.6) 6.1 (6.2) 7.3 (5.1) 4.2 (3.8) 47.2 (23.3) 110.3 (37.4) 23.3 (5.5) 27.4 (4.7)
p-value (2-tailed) n.s. n.s. n.s. 0.046 0.001 n.s. *n.s. *n.s. *n.s.
Co- Morbidity+ (N = 87) 21.1 (9.6) 12.3 (7.8) 7.4 (7.2) 8.1 (4.7) 2.8 (3.6) 51.6 (22.6) 112.5 (34.6) 24.6 (5.6) 28.3 (4.6)
Non Co- morbidity (N = 62) 19.2 (9.1) 9.1 (6.7) 6.8 (6.3) 8.6 (4) 1.7 (3.1) 45.2 (20) 91.2 (36.9) 22.1 (5.5) 27.7 (4.2)
p-value (2-tailed) n.s. 0.018 n.s. n.s. 0.035 n.s. *0.001 *0.01 *n.s.
less 21 hours/w (N = 70) 16.9 (9.1) 9.3 (7.9) 5.7 (6.2) 6.8 (4.8) 1.9 (3) 41.2 (21.2) 100.8 (33.2) 22.8 (5.6) 26.7 (4.3)
more 21 hours/w (N = 106) 21.0 (10.3) 12.2 (7.6) 8.4 (7.2) 9.6 (4) 2.4 (3.5) 53.0 (23.6) 102.6 (38.4) 23.3 (5.3) 28.6 (4.2)
p-value (2-tailed) 0.012 0.009 0.010 0.001 n.s. 0.005 *n.s. *n.s. *0.01
Mother previous eating problem ++ (N = 47) 21.6 (9.9) 12.0 (7.8) 9.0 (8.4) 9.1 (4.4) 3.6 (3.7) 55.9 (22.9) 114.9 (31) 25 (5.5) 29.9 (3.9)
Mother without EP(N = 94) 19.5 (9.6) 10.2 (7.7) 5.8 (5.9) 8.0 (4.6) 1.6 (3) 44.6 (21.8) 100.5 (38) 22.6 (5.4) 27.5 (4.5)
p-value (2-tailed) n.s. n.s. 0.052 n.s. 0.002 0.032 *0.04 *0.02 *0.01
  1. Note. Data are shown as means (SD = standard deviation).
  2. Statistical comparison is shown between scores groups using the Mann-Whitney test.
  3. * Statistical comparison is shown between scores groups using the t-test.
  4. + Comorbidity-impulsive behaviours regard to alcohol abuse, illegal substances, self-harm or gambling
  5. ++Eating problem-their own lifetime history of eating problem (past/current obesity or anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa not diagnosed/diagnosed)