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Table 5 DVDs-skills-based intervention effect from means and standard deviations pre- to post-intervention from HADS, ECI, FQ and AESED scores.

From: Development and validation of the Accommodation and Enabling Scale for Eating Disorders (AESED) for caregivers in eating disorders

Variables N Baseline(T 1) Means (SD) Post-interv(T 2) Means (SD) Z p-value (2-tailed) d
Primary Outcome 89      
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)       
Depression scale(0-21) 82 7.5 (4.4) 6.0 (4.6) -3.8 0.01 0.34
Anxiety scale (0-21) 80 12.0 (4) 10.1 (4.5) 3.6 0.01 0.47
Secondary Outcome       
Experience of Caregiving Inventory (ECI)       
ECI-Negative(0-208) 74 102 (37.7) 83 (37.5) -5.3 0.01 0.51
Family Questionnaire(FQ)       
Criticism (10-40) 85 23.3 (5.5) 22.3 (5.8) -1.0 0.30 0.20
Emotional Over-involvement (10-40) 67 28.4 (4.4) 26 (4.4) -5.0 0.01 0.55
Accommodation and Enabling Scale (AESED)       
Avoidance & Modifying R. (0-40) 76 20.6 (9.7) 15.6 (9.7) -4.3 0.01 0.52
Reassure Seeking (0-32) 75 9.4 (7.4) 8.8 (6.9) -0.9 0.35 0.08
Meal Ritual (0-28) 82 7.7 (7.6) 5.8 (6.4) -2.4 0.01 0.27
Control of Family (0-16) 79 8.0 (4.8) 5.7 (4.6) -3.8 0.01 0.49
'Turning a Blind Eye' (0-16) 71 2.6 (3.4) 2.3 (3.6) -0.9 0.34 0.10
OVERALL score(0-132) 70 48.3 (24) 39 (25) -3.8 0.01 0.38
  1. *d = Effect size was calculated on based of subscales' means and standard deviations
  2. Wilcoxon's signed-ranks test for paired samples was used for non-parametric distribution (2nd stage; n = 106)