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Table 1 Long-term care services, corresponding units of utilisation and covariables in regressions to predict service use

From: Long-term care cost drivers and expenditure projection to 2036 in Hong Kong

Services or Allowances Unit of utilisation Covariables (if applicable)
Institutional
Social Welfare Department/NGO
   • Nursing homes No. of recipients Age group, sex, MDS
   • Subvented Home for the Aged (H/A) No. of recipients Age group, sex, MDS
   • Subvented Care and Attention Homes for the Elderly (C&A) No. of recipients Age group, sex, MDS
Private sector/NGO
   • Self-financed H/A No. of recipients Age group, sex, MDS
   • Self-financed C&A No. of recipients Age group, sex, MDS
   • Private homes No. of recipients Age group, sex, MDS
Hospital Authority
   • Long-stay Infirmary No. of patients Age group, sex, MDS
   • Long-stay Psychiatry No. of bed days occupied Not covered by THS 2004
   • Long-stay Mentally Handicapped No. of bed days occupied Not covered by THS 2004
   • Log-stay Hospice No. of bed days occupied Not covered by THS 2004
Non-institutional
Social Welfare Department/NGO
   • Home Care No. of recipients Age group, sex, MDS, marital status,
◦ Enhanced Home and Community Care Services   household composition, housing tenure, housing type, monthly household income, and
◦ Integrated Home Care Services   education
◦ Home Help Services   
   • Day Care No. of recipients Age group, sex, MDS, marital status,
◦ Day Care Centre/Unit for the Elderly   household composition, housing tenure, housing type, monthly household income, and education
Department of Health
   • Elderly Health Centre No. of attendances Age group, sex, MDS, marital status, household composition, housing tenure, housing type, monthly household income, and education
Hospital Authority
   • Hospice Home Care No. of visits Not covered by THS 2004
   • Community Medical Services   
◦ Community Geriatric Assessment Team No. of visits (subvented homes + private H/A) Not covered by THS 2004
◦ Community Nursing Service No. of visits Not covered by THS 2004
Social allowances provided by Social Welfare Department
Comprehensive Social Security Assistance (CSSA) Scheme
   • Institutional population No. of allowance recipients Age group, sex, MDS
   • Non-institutional population No. of allowance recipients Age group, sex, MDS, marital status, household composition, housing tenure, housing type, monthly household income, and education
Higher Disability Allowance
   • Institutional population No. of allowance recipients Age group, sex, MDS
   • Non-institutional population No. of allowance recipients Age group, sex, MDS, marital status, household composition, housing tenure, housing type, monthly household income, and education
Normal Disability Allowance
   • Institutional population No. of allowance recipients Age group, sex, MDS
   • Non-institutional population No. of allowance recipients Age group, sex, MDS, marital status, household composition, housing tenure, housing type, monthly household income, and education
Higher Old Age Allowance
   • Institutional population No. of allowance recipients Age group, sex, MDS
   • Non-institutional population No. of allowance recipients Age group, sex, MDS, marital status, household composition, housing tenure, housing type, monthly household income, and education
Normal Old Age Allowance
   • Institutional population No. of allowance recipients Age group, sex, MDS
   • Non-institutional population No. of allowance recipients Age group, sex, MDS, marital status, household composition, housing tenure, housing type, monthly household income, and education
  1. Abbreviations
  2. NGO = non-governmental organisations; MDS = validated Chinese version of Minimum Data Set-Home Care; THS = Thematic Household Survey
  3. Categorisation of covariables
  4. Age group (year): 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80+;
  5. Sex: M, F;
  6. MDS: 1 (No impairment, no health problem), 2 (No impairment with health problem), 3 (Mild impairment, no health problem), 4 (Mild impairment with health problem), 5 (Moderate impairment, no health problem), 6 (Moderate impairment with health problem), 7 (Severe impairment, no health problem),
  7. 8 (Severe impairment with health problem);
  8. Marital status: Separated/Divorced/Widowed, Single, Married/Cohabited;
  9. Household composition: Living alone, Not living alone;
  10. Housing type and tenure: Government housing - rented, Government housing - owned, Private housing - rented, Private housing - owned;
  11. Monthly household income (HK$): <5,000, 5,000 - 12,499, 12,500 - 24,999, >24,999;
  12. Education: No schooling/informal schooling, Primary, Secondary/Matriculation, Tertiary/above