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Table 2 Frequency of potentially inappropriate and appropriate drugs delivered in the final three days of life in hospital and in hospice

From: A comparison of drugs and procedures of care in the Italian hospice and hospital settings: the final three days of life for cancer patients

  Hospital N = 144 Hospice N = 127 P-value
  n. % n. %  
Potentially inappropriate drugs*      
Antiulcer Drugs 104 72.2 82 64.6 .398
Antibiotics 89 61.8 18 14.2 .000
Steroids 82 56.9 79 62.2 .668
Anticoagulents 73 50.7 43 33.9 .020
Supplements 52 36.1 12 9.4 .000
Antihypertensives 39 26.9 12 9.4 .001
Antiarryhthmics 25 17.4 10 7.9 .067
Replacement Hormones 22 15.3 11 8.7 .251
Vasodilator Drugs 16 11.1 5 3.9 .088
Dopamine 9 6.2 0 0 .016
Number of inappropriate drugs 0 8 5.6 20 15.9  
1-2 28 19.6 53 42.1  
3-4 66 45.8 46 36.5  
  5+ 41 28.7 7 5.6 .000
Potentially appropriate drugs      
Opioids 97 66.9 112 88.2 .000
Drugs for Nausea/Vomiting 22 15.3 27 21.3 .438
Haloperidol 17 11.8 81 63.8 .000
Midazolam 8 5.6 91 71.7 .000
Drugs for pulmonary secretions 6 4.2 60 47.2 .000
Number of appropriate drugs 0 45 31.3 8 6.3  
  1-2 98 68.5 111 88.1  
  3-4 - - 7 5.6  
  5+ - - - - .000
  1. *Use of bisphosphonates was also assessed, but no positive values were returned from either setting.