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Table 2 Multivariable multinomial logistic regression of factors associated with care seeking for reported obstetric complications a

From: Patterns and determinants of care seeking for obstetric complications in rural northwest Bangladesh: analysis from a prospective cohort study

  Sought informal provider Sought formal provider
Independent variables Relative Risk Ratio (RRR) 95% Confidence Interval Relative Risk Ratio (RRR) 95% Confidence Interval
Demographic factors     
Women’s age 18-35 years (ref)     
Age <18 years 0.81*** (0.68, 0.95) 0.78*** (0.64, 0.91)
Age >35 years 1.21*** (1.05, 1.37) 1.23*** (1.11, 1.35)
Parity 1-2 (ref)     
Nulliparity 0.90 (0.79, 1.02) 0.90 (0.76, 1.03)
Parity > 2 1.15 (0.97, 1.33) 1.15 (0.97, 1.33)
Socioeconomic factors     
Lowest household wealth quartile (ref)     
2nd wealth quartile 1.01 (0.85, 1.17) 0.99 (0.86, 1.12)
3rd wealth quartile 1.00 (0.82, 1.18) 0.99 (0.85, 1.13)
Highest wealth quartile 0.97 (0.82, 1.12) 1.49*** (1.33, 1.73)
No employment (women) (ref)     
Any employment (women) 0.97 (0.81, 1.12) 1.10* (1.01, 1.18)
Illiteracy (women) (ref)     
Women’s literacy 1.00 (0.88, 1.13) 1.21** (1.05, 1.42)
Perceived need factors     
No adverse obstetric history (ref)     
Adverse obstetric history 0.99 (0.85, 1.13) 1.04 (0.84, 1.18)
Wanted pregnancy (women) (ref)     
Mistimed pregnancy 0.86** (0.74, 0.97) 0.83** (0.71, 0.95)
Unwanted pregnancy 0.65*** (0.45, 0.86) 0.60*** (0.39, 0.83)
Service factors     
Distance ≥ 10 km to facility (ref)     
Distance <10 km to facility 1.00 (0.89, 1.10) 1.16** (1.05, 1.28)
Only BEmOC available at closest health facility (ref)     
CEmOC available at closest health facility 1.02 (0.88, 1.17) 1.20** (1.04, 1.36)
  1. *p-value <0.05; **p-value <0.01; ***p-value <0.001.
  2. an = 5,516 for women seeking informal providers; n = 2,576 for women seeking formal providers; n = 2,488 for women not seeking care.
  3. Table 2 shows adjusted relative risk ratios from multivariable multinomial logistic regression of socioeconomic, demographic, perceived need, and service factors with care seeking from formal and informal providers (compared to 2,226 women not seeking care) for reported obstetric complications and near misses among 10,318 married women of reproductive age in rural northwest Bangladesh from December 2007 to June 2011. Results are adjusted by year and season of pregnancy outcome and type of complication.