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Table 3 Multivariable multinomial logistic regression of factors associated with care seeking from formal and informal providers, by type of complication

From: Patterns and determinants of care seeking for obstetric complications in rural northwest Bangladesh: analysis from a prospective cohort study

  Sought informal providera Sought formal providera
Independent variables Eclampsia Hemorrhage Sepsis Obstructed labor Eclampsia Hemorrhage Sepsis Obstructed labor
Demographic factors Relative Risk Ratio (RRR) Relative Risk Ratio (RRR)
Age 18-35 years (ref)         
Age <18 years 0.70*** 0.89*** 0.87*** 0.86*** 0.73*** 0.88*** 0.90*** 0.85***
Age >35 years 1.28*** 1.15*** 1.09*** 1.12*** 1.27*** 1.15*** 1.16*** 1.11***
Parity 1-2 (ref)         
Nulliparity 0.90 0.91 0.92 0.89 0.88 0.90 0.91 0.86
Parity > 2 births 1.07 1.13 1.08 1.11 1.06 1.09 1.10 1.11
Socioeconomic factors         
Lowest wealth quartile (ref)         
2nd wealth quartile 0.98 0.99 0.96 0.95 0.97 0.98 0.96 0.96
3rd wealth quartile 0.99 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.97 0.96 0.98 0.98
Highest wealth quartile 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.07 1.03 1.38*** 1.49*** 1.26***
No employment (women) (ref)         
Any employment (women) 1.03 1.05 1.02 1.04 1.09 1.15** 1.11** 1.24**
Illiteracy (women) (ref)         
Women’s literacy 1.08 1.05 1.07 1.07 1.08 1.53*** 1.77*** 1.68***
Perceived need factors         
No previous stillbirth or abortion (ref)         
Adverse obstetric history 1.10 1.08 1.03 1.11 1.19** 1.04 1.11 1.14
Wanted pregnancy (women) (ref)         
Mistimed pregnancy 0.91 0.90** 0.87** 0.82** 0.93 0.88** 0.85** 0.87**
Unwanted pregnancy 0.94 0.67*** 0.60*** 0.71*** 0.92 0.64*** 0.73*** 0.61***
Service factors         
Distance ≥ 10 km to facility (ref)         
Distance <10 km to facility 1.00 1.01 0.98 1.02 1.04 1.16** 1.19** 1.18**
Only BEmOC at facility (ref)         
CEmOC available at facility 1.02 1.00 1.02 0.99 1.03 1.11** 1.31** 1.19**
  1. **p-value <0.01; ***p-value <0.001.
  2. an = 294 for eclampsia; n = 3,002 for hemorrhage; n = 2,386 for sepsis; n = 2,410 for obstructed labor; n = 2,488 for women not seeking care.
  3. Table 3 shows adjusted odds ratios from multivariable multinomial logistic regression of socioeconomic, demographic, perceived need, and service factors with care seeking from formal providers and informal providers, by type of complication reported, among married women of reproductive age in rural northwest Bangladesh from December 2007 to June 2011. Results are adjusted by year and season of pregnancy outcome.