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Table 4 Mean scores (± standard deviation) of safety factors on Likert-scale and 100-point scale of the study population and of different groups’ characteristics (hospitals, working positions and working departments) (Perc of Hosp man.: Perception of hospital management; Perc. of Unit man.: Perception of unit management)

From: Validation of the safety attitudes questionnaire (short form 2006) in Italian in hospitals in the northeast of Italy

Factors Teamwork Climate Safety Climate Job Satisfaction Stress Recognition Perc. of Hosp man. Perc. of Unit man. Working Conditions
Mean Likert ± SD 3.7 ± 0.6 3.6 ± 0.6 3.8 ± 0.9 4.0 ± 0.9 3.0 ± 1.0 3.1 ± 1.0 3.1 ± 0.9
Mean (100 scale) ± SD 66.4 ± 16.3 65.1 ± 14.9 70.6 ± 22.1 75.8 ± 22.7 49.4 ± 24.0 53.4 ± 24.5 51.6 ± 23.7
Hospitals        
 G. Fracastoro 63.7 ± 15.0 64.3 ± 15.8 69.7 ± 23.7 76.1 ± 23.4 45.9 ± 24.9 52.8 ± 26.4 50.6 ± 23.8
 Teaching hospitals 65.9 ± 11.8 66.4 ± 13.0 72.4 ± 18.8 75.0 ± 21.6 50.0 ± 22.5 60.9 ± 24.8 53.2 ± 23.4
  p-value 0.24 0.27 0.34 0.70 0.20 0.018 0.39
Position        
 Physician 74.4 ± 11.0 73.4 ± 12.9 77.9 ± 20.4 70.1 ± 27.3 54.0 ± 28.0 70.8 ± 27.0 63.6 ± 26.0
 Nurse 60.1 ± 13.0 61.0 ± 15.4 66.8 ± 22.6 76.9 ± 21.9 42.9 ± 22.4 49.3 ± 25.0 44.6 ± 20.4
 Chief nurse 67.5 ± 13.5 67.5 ± 11.0 75.3 ± 21.0 76.7 ± 17.5 50.0 ± 22.6 54.0 ± 23.0 57.7 ± 24.3
 Clinical support 62.1 ± 14.3 63.2 ± 12.3 67.8 ± 20.9 77.4 ± 21.6 48.6 ± 20.5 53.3 ± 20.9 52.6 ± 23.0
 Others 67.5 ± 13.5 67.5 ± 11.0 75.3 ± 21.2 76.7 ± 17.5 49.9 ± 22.6 54.0 ± 23.0 57.8 ± 24.3
  p-value <0.0001 <0.0001 0.004 0.22 0.009 <0.0001 <0.0001
Department        
 Geriatrics 61.2 ± 14.4 65.6 ± 15.4 66.7 ± 20.2 76.4 ± 22.0 46.0 ± 21.7 51.8 ± 25.1 47.9 ± 21.8
 Obstetrics 69.1 ± 13.6 67.7 ± 14.0 73.7 ± 21.3 82.2 ± 19.3 45.0 ± 24.9 54.5 ± 25.9 52.1 ± 20.3
 Internal medicine 63.4 ± 12.4 61.8 ± 14.2 68.7 ± 23.1 78.7 ± 21.6 43.9 ± 22.9 54.1 ± 23.2 44.8 ± 23.1
 Surgery 65.5 ± 14.2 65.4 ± 15.3 73.3 ± 23.0 69.6 ± 24.6 52.1 ± 25.8 60.8 ± 28.4 58.6 ± 25.6
  p-value 0.022 0.24 0.19 0.096 0.17 0.19 0.003