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Table 2 Distribution of reported barriers to primary care by ethnicity, among women in New Zealand with breast cancer

From: Barriers to and delays in accessing breast cancer care among New Zealand women: disparities by ethnicity

  Māori Pacific Non-Māori/non-Pacific P-value
Cost 15 (5 %) 8 (11 %) 41 (3 %) <0.001
Couldn’t get an appointment soon enough or at a suitable time 10 (3 %) 7 (10 %) 21 (1 %) <0.001
Couldn’t spare the time / other priorities 8 (3 %) 1 (1 %) 29 (2 %) 0.79
Didn’t want to make a fuss 13 (4 %) 3 (4 %) 38 (3 %) 0.19
Had no transport to get there 4 (1 %) 3 (4 %) 9 (<1 %) 0.012
Couldn’t get in touch with the doctor or other professional 3 (1 %) 1 (1 %) 6 (<1 %) 0.12
Lack of childcare 2 (<1 %) 3 (4 %) 9 (<1 %) 0.023
Embarrassment 6 (2 %) 3 (4 %) 14 (1 %) 0.031
Pain or discomfort 7 (2 %) 3 (4 %) 8 (<1 %) 0.001
Prefer not to know condition / fear of being unwell 21 (7 %) 7 (10 %) 29 (2 %) <0.001
Do not trust health professional 9 (3 %) 6 (9 %) 9 (<1 %) <0.001
Feel that it is pointless 3 (1 %) 3 (4 %) 4 (<1 %) 0.002
Other 18 (6 %) 7 (10 %) 36 (3 %) <0.001
  1. The table shows the number of women who reported each item as a barrier; totals therefore sum to larger than the number of participants, as each woman could record more than one. P values derive from chi-squared tests, comparing proportions across the three ethnic groupings. In instances where there were five or fewer women in a particular cell, the P value reported is from a Fisher exact test