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Table 3 Distribution of reported barriers to seeing a cancer specialist, by ethnicity, among women in New Zealand with breast cancer

From: Barriers to and delays in accessing breast cancer care among New Zealand women: disparities by ethnicity

  Māori Pacific Non-Māori/non-Pacific P-value
Cost 21 (7 %) 12 (17 %) 75 (5 %) <0.001
Couldn’t get an appointment soon enough or at a suitable time 21 (7 %) 10 (14 %) 91 (7 %) 0.037
Couldn’t spare the time / other priorities 5 (2 %) 1 (1 %) 4 (<1 %) 0.012
Didn’t want to make a fuss 8 (3 %) 1 (1 %) 17 (1 %) 0.16
Had no transport to get there 8 (3 %) 1 (1 %) 4 (<1 %) <0.001
Couldn’t get in touch with the doctor or other professional 4 (1 %) 2 (3 %) 12 (1 %) 0.16
Lack of childcare 2 (1 %) 1 (1 %) 7 (1 %) 0.29
Embarrassment 6 (2 %) 1 (1 %) 9 (1 %) 0.056
Pain or discomfort 6 (2 %) 2 (3 %) 3 (<1 %) <0.001
Prefer not to know condition / fear of being unwell 14 (5 %) 4 (6 %) 16 (1 %) <0.001
Do not trust health professional 7 (2 %) 4 (6 %) 7 (1 %) <0.001
Feel that it is pointless 3 (1 %) 1 (1 %) 3 (<1 %) 0.045
Other 13 (4 %) 2 (3 %) 56 (4 %) 0.88
  1. The table shows the number of women who reported each item as a barrier; totals therefore sum to larger than the number of participants, as each woman could record more than one. P values derive from chi-squared tests, comparing proportions across the three ethnic groupings. In instances where there were five or fewer women in a particular cell, the P value reported is from a Fisher exact test