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Table 4 Multivariable associations between ethnicity and barriers to accessing care, among women in New Zealand with breast cancer

From: Barriers to and delays in accessing breast cancer care among New Zealand women: disparities by ethnicity

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Māori women
 Primary care
  Personal barriers 2.06 (1.28 to 3.29) 2.06 (1.25 to 3.41) 2.15 (1.33 to 3.46)
  Practical barriers 1.56 (0.99 to 2.47) 1.39 (0.85 to 2.26) 1.46 (0.92 to 2.33)
  Health care process barriers 2.67 (1.48 to 4.79) 2.35 (1.25 to 4.41) 2.57 (1.41 to 4.66)
 Specialist care
  Personal barriers 2.97 (1.68 to 5.22) 2.57 (1.40 to 4.71) 2.91 (1.63 to 5.18)
  Practical barriers 1.64 (1.06 to 2.51) 1.60 (1.01 to 2.52) 1.60 (1.04 to 2.47)
  Health care process barriers 1.17 (0.76 to 1.84) 1.10 (0.69 to 1.76) 1.15 (0.73 to 1.81)
Pacific women
 Primary care
  Personal barriers 2.28 (1.03 to 5.05) 2.49 (1.09 to 5.70) 2.30 (1.03 to 5.13)
  Practical barriers 2.42 (1.20 to 4.87) 2.12 (1.02 to 4.40) 2.19 (1.07 to 4.46)
  Health care process barriers 7.59 (3.65 to 15.81) 6.49 (2.98 to 14.15) 7.41 (3.52 to 15.58)
 Specialist care
  Personal barriers 3.33 (1.32 to 8.40) 3.57 (1.36 to 9.42) 3.37 (1.33 to 8.58)
  Practical barriers 2.75 (1.44 to 5.24) 2.78 (1.42 to 5.47) 2.68 (1.39 to 5.14)
  Health care process barriers 2.26 (1.18 to 4.34) 2.16 (1.10 to 4.25) 2.29 (1.19 to 4.41)
  1. Model 1: age adjusted; Model 2: age and deprivation adjusted; Model 3: age and co-morbidity adjusted
  2. The reference group is non-Māori/non-Pacific, so all OR compare Māori or Pacific women to the non-Māori/non-Pacific grouping