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Table 2 Adjustments for Care Need Index, gender, age structure, size and location of primary care centre

From: Is the quality of primary healthcare services influenced by the healthcare centre’s type of ownership?—An observational study of patient perceived quality, prescription rates and follow-up routines in privately and publicly owned primary care centres

Patient perceived Quality (mean) Prescription rates of benzodiazepine derivates for patients aged 20–74
Effect Estimate Standard error 95 % confidence interval Effect Estimate Standard error 95 % confidence interval
    Lower Upper     Lower Upper
Intercept 92.17 1.505 89.20 95.14 Intercept −149.95 119.807 −385.27 85.36
Publicly owned −2.24 0.858 −3.93 −0.56 Publicly owned 12.79 17.732 −22.03 47.62
Privately owned 0     Privately owned 0    
Year, 2011 1.10 0.568 −0.02 2.22 Year, 2011 −12.49 19.367 −50.53 25.55
Year, 2012 0.16 0.558 −0.94 1.26 Year, 2012 −5.42 18.869 −42.48 31.64
Year, 2013 0     Year, 2013 0    
Publicly owned * year, 2011 0.69 0.738 −0.76 2.14 Publicly owned * year, 2011 4.4 25.219 −45.14 53.93
Publicly owned * year, 2012 0.44 0.730 −0.99 1.88 Publicly owned * year, 2012 3.94 24.819 −44.8 52.69
Publicly owned * year, 2013 0     Publicly owned * year, 2013 0    
Privately owned * year, 2011 0     Privately owned * year, 2011 0    
Privately owned * year, 2012 0     Privately owned * year, 2012 0    
Privately owned * year, 2013 0     Privately owned * year, 2013 0    
CNI −3.48 0.465 −4.40 −2.57 CNI 22.01 6.986 8.29 35.73
within regional metropolis −1.78 0.732 −3.23 −0.34 Proportion female 821.64 234.167 361.7 1281.58
outside regional metropolis 0     Proportion male 0    
number of listed citizens (in 100) −0.03 0.010 −0.05 −0.01 within regional metropolis −50.99 10.714 −72.03 −29.95
  outside regional metropolis 0    
  Prescription rates of benzodiazepine derivates for patients aged over 74
Prescription rates of antibiotics
Effect Estimate Standard error 95 % confidence interval
Lower Upper
Intercept 5.89 2.426 1.13 10.66
Publicly owned −1.3 0.271 −1.83 −0.77 Effect Estimate Standard Error 95 % confidence interval
Privately owned 0     Lower Upper
Year, 2011 0.89 0.287 0.33 1.46 Intercept 602.43 450.151 −281.74 1486.59
Year, 2012 0.89 0.280 0.34 1.44 Publicly owned 50.98 66.624 −79.88 181.84
Year, 2013 0     Privately owned 0    
Publicly owned * year, 2011 −0.49 0.374 −1.23 0.24 Year, 2011 −201.67 72.766 −344.59 −58.75
Publicly owned * year, 2012 −0.43 0.368 −1.15 0.3 Year, 2012 −135.76 70.896 −275 3.49
Publicly owned * year, 2013 0     Year, 2013 0    
Privately owned * year, 2011 0     Publicly owned * year, 2011 134.16 94.756 −51.96 320.27
Privately owned * year, 2012 0     Publicly owned * year, 2012 76.66 93.253 −106.5 259.82
Privately owned * year, 2013 0     Publicly owned * year, 2013 0    
CNI 0.57 0.109 0.36 0.78 Privately owned * year, 2011 0    
Proportion female 3.8 3.555 −3.18 10.78 Privately owned * year, 2012 0    
Proportion male 0     Privately owned * year, 2013 0    
Proportion of 0-19 0.95 1.877 −2.73 4.64 CNI 119.38 26.248 67.83 170.94
Proportion of 20-64 −5.19 1.811 −8.74 −1.63 Proportion female 1637.02 879.835 −91.1 3365.14
Proportion of 65+ 0     Proportion male 0    
within regional metropolis −0.8 0.183 −1.15 −0.44 within regional metropolis 212.03 40.256 132.96 291.1
outside regional metropolis 0     outside regional metropolis 0    
  1. The estimates of the mean patient perceived quality, prescription rates of antibiotics and benzodiazepine derivatives per ownership type are calculated by a linear mixed model for repeated yearly observations (for the 197 PCCs with data during 2011–2013). Adjustments were made selectively for year, location, number of listed citizens (in 100), Care Need Index, proportion of gender group listed and proportion of age groups listed at PCC (0–19 years, 20–64 years and 65+). * indicates the interaction of two effects