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Table 1 Characteristics of studies that met inclusion criteria

From: A systematic review of factors that affect uptake of community-based health insurance in low-income and middle-income countries

Study ID (Year) Study design Study setting Study outcome Funding source
Quantitative studies
 Ataguba 2008 [39] Cross-sectional study Nigeria Rural setting Willingness to pay AusAID, IDRC, CIDA, SIDA.
 Ataguba 2008 [29] Cross-sectional study Nigeria Rural setting Willingness to pay AusAID, IDRC, CIDA), SIDA.
 Banwat [19] Cross-sectional study Nigeria Rural setting Willingness to pay Not reported
 Binnendijk 2013 [20] Cross-sectional study 2009–2010 India Willingness to pay NOW and German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.
 Chankova 2008 [21] Cross-country study 2004 Ghana (rural district), Mali (both rural and urban district) and Senegal (rural) Uptake of community based health insurance USAID
 Donfouet 2011 [23] Cross-sectional study November 2009 Cameroon Rural Willingness to pay ILO, African Doctoral Dissertation Research Fellowship offered by the APHRC in partnership with the IDRC
 Donfouet 2013 [22] Cross-sectional study (household survey) Cameroon Rural Willingness to pay ILO, African Doctoral Dissertation Research Fellowship offered by the APHRC in partnership with the IDRC
 Dong 2003 [26] Cross-sectional study (household survey) Burkina Faso Rural Willingness to pay Germany Research Foundation
 Dong 2004 [25] Cross-sectional study (household survey) Burkina Faso Willingness to pay Germany Research Foundation
 Dong 2009 [31] Cross-sectional study May 2006 Burkina Faso Rural Willingness to pay German Research Society
 Dror 2007 [27] Cross-sectional study (household survey) India Rural Willingness to pay ECCP and GTZ
 Dong 2003 [24] Cross-sectional study (household survey) Burkina Faso Rural Willingness to pay German Research Society
 Mathiyazhagan 1998 [28] Survey research and heuristic/documentary research India Rural setting Willingness to pay Not reported
 Onwujekwe 2009 [30] Cross-sectional study (household survey) Nigeria Urban, semi-urban and rural area. Willingness to pay AFRO, Brazzaville
 Oriakhi 2012 [36] Cross-sectional study (household survey) Nigeria Rural Willingness to pay Not reported
 Allegri 2006 [32] Population-based case-control study 2004 Burkina Faso Uptake of CBHI German Research Society
 Shafie 2013 [33] Cross-sectional study 2009 Malaysia Willingness to pay Universiti Sains Malaysia Short Term Grant
 Ozawa 2009 [40] Mixed method Cambodia Uptake of CBHI Not reported
 Binam 2004 [35] Cross-sectional Cameroon Willingness to pay Not reported
Qualitative studies
 De Allegri 2006 [41] Semi-structured interview May–June 2004 Burkina Faso Rural Uptake of scheme German Research Society
 Basaza 2007 [37] Case study evaluation (semi-structure interview) November 2004–December 2005 Uganda Rural Uptake of scheme Ministry of Health Uganda, the DGIC Belgium and Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp
 Allegri 2005 [43] In-depth interviews and semi-structured interviews May–June 2004 Rural and urban Uptake of scheme German Research Society
 Basaza 2008 [38] Focus group discussion October 2005–March 2006 Uganda Rural Uptake of scheme Not reported
 Criel 2007 [42] Focus group March 2000 Guinea-Conakry Rural Uptake of scheme German bilateral co-operation and the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp
 Ozawa 2009 [40] Focus group Cambodia Rural Uptake of scheme UK Department for International Development
 Schneider 2005 [44] Focus group August 2000 Rwanda Rural Uptake of scheme Not reported.
  1. NOW Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, USAID United States Agency for International Development, APHRC African Population and Health Research Center, ILO International Labour Organization, ECCP European Union within the EU-India Economic Cross Cultural Programme, GTZ Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, AFRO African Regional Office of the World Health Organization, IDRC International Development Research Centre, AusAID Australian Agency for International Development, IDRC International Development Research Centre, CIDA Canadian International Development Agency, SIDA Swedish International Cooperation and Development Agency