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Table 3 HIV DNA PCR testing for infants up to 14 weeks of age from July 2010 to June 2011

From: Use of peers, community lay persons and Village Health Team (VHT) members improves six-week postnatal clinic (PNC) follow-up and Early Infant HIV Diagnosis (EID) in urban and rural health units in Uganda: A one-year implementation study

  All HIV-exposed infants at health unitb Study participants  
  Infants HIV tested/ live birth (%) Infants HIV tested / live birth, n (%) Infants HIV tested/ live birtha n (%) HIV positive infants, n (%) Proportional difference in infant HIV testing between study participants and All exposed infants at the hospital
Site (Baseline) (Post intervention) (Post intervention)   % (P-value)
Mengo 304/374 (81.2) 439/442 (99.3) 73/75 (97.3) 2/75 (2.7) -2.0 (P = 0.106)
Rubaga 374/506 (73.9) 437/540 (80.9) 71/74 (95.9) 2/74 (2.7) 15.0 (P = 0.001)
Mulago 1055/2411 (43.7) 1179/2178 (54.1) 269/327 (82.3) 8/327 (2.4) 28.2 (P < 0.001)
Mpigi 81/96 (84.4) 83/87 (95.4) 28/35 (80.0) 1 /35 (2.9) -15.4 (P = 0.007)
Total 1814/3387 (53.6) 2138/3247 (65.8) 441/511 (86.3) 13 /511 (2.5) 20.5 (P < 0.001)
  1. aFor study participants we considered all registered live birth (whether at study site health unit or anywhere else), less infant or maternal death prior to 6 weeks (N=511)
  2. bFor all HIV-exposed infants at the site health units, live births records were only registered for women delivering at the unit (Information for infant death before 6-weeks was not available)