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Table 1 Emergency department (ED) visits for hypertension as the primary diagnosis in year 2009, 2010 and 2012 NEDS databasea

From: Emergency Department and Inpatient Healthcare utilization due to Hypertension

  2009 NEDS 2010 NEDS 2012 NEDS
ED visits 920,984 (0.71) 972,631 (0.75) 1,041,223 (0.77)
Age, in years
 Mean (SE) 58.64 (0.23) 58.43 (0.22) 59.17 (0.22)
 Median (IQR) 56.96 (45.44, 71.73) 56.79 (45.35, 71.28) 57.95 (46.29, 71.98)
Sex
 Female 530,143 (57.62) 558,253 (57.40) 595,212 (57.17)
Patient location (residence)
 Micropolitan/not metro 169,247 (18.51) 175,858 (18.19) 184,852 (17.84)
 Metropolitan (large or small) 744,925 (81.49) 791,005 (81.81) 851,485 (82.16)
Median house hold income
 1st quartile (< $38,999) 340,766 (37.96) 368,468 (38.80) 389,354 (38.19)
 2nd quartile ($39,000 to $47,999) 250,997 (27.96) 252,070 (26.55) 255,324 (25.04)
 3rd quartile ($48,000 to $62999) 179,959 (20.05) 186,460 (19.64) 219,568 (21.53)
 4th quartile ($63,000 or more) 125,880(14.02) 142,564 (15.01) 155,369 (15.24)
Primary payer
 Medicare 370,933 (40.37) 391,925 (40.41) 443,993 (42.69)
 Medicaid 106,282 (11.57) 119,606 (12.33) 138,606 (13.33)
 Private insurance 244,669 (26.63) 247,195 (25.49) 229,988 (22.12)
 Self-pay/No charge 167,334 (18.32) 182,153 (18.78) 189,031 (18.18)
 Other 28,560 (3.11) 29,001 (2.99) 38,337 (3.69)
Hospital Region
 Northeast 148,302 (16.10) 168,618(17.34) 168,303 (16.16)
 Midwest 183,785 (19.96) 207,731 (21.36) 219,784 (21.11)
 South 448,654 (48.71) 447,419 (46.00) 490,154 (47.07)
 West 140,244 (15.23) 148,863 (15.31) 162,982 (15.65)
Teaching status of hospital
 Metropolitan non -teaching or non-metro 555,998 (60.37) 557,804 (57.35) 576,146 (55.33)
 Metropolitan teaching 364,986 (39.63) 414,827 (42.65) 465,077 (44.67)
  1. aData shown are n (%), unless specified otherwise
  2. SE standard error, IQR inter-quartile range