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Table 4 Predictors of Discharge to home among patients who had a hospital admission after presenting to ED with hypertension as the primary diagnosis

From: Emergency Department and Inpatient Healthcare utilization due to Hypertension

  Univariate Multivariable-adjusted
  Odds Ratioa (95 % CI) Odds Ratioa (95 % CI)
Age
 <50 Ref  
 50- <65 0.62 (0.58, 0.68)*** 0.74 (0.68, 0.81)***
 65- <80 0.28 (0.25, 0.30)*** 0.48 (0.43, 0.53)***
 ≥80 0.12 (0.11, 0.13)*** 0.21 (0.18, 0.23)***
Gender
 Female Ref Ref
 Male 1.28 (1.22, 1.34)*** 1.06 (1.00, 1.11)*
Median house hold income
 1st quartile (< $38,999) Ref Ref
 2nd quartile ($39,000 to $47,999) 0.96 (0.89, 1.04) 1.05 (0.97, 1.14)
 3rd quartile ($48,000 to $62999) 0.89 (0.80, 0.98)* 1.05 (0.95, 1.16)
 4th quartile ($63,000 or more) 0.70 (0.64, 0.77)*** 1.00 (0.90, 1.10)
Primary payer
 Medicare Ref Ref
 Medicaid 2.67 (2.46, 2.90)*** 1.39 (1.25, 1.55)***
 Private insurance 4.29 (3.93, 4.68)*** 2.07 (1.88, 2.27)***
 Self-pay/No charge 7.23 (6.53, 8.01)*** 2.71 (2.35, 3.12)***
 Other 4.89 (3.92, 6.10)*** 2.20 (1.76, 2.74)***
Patient location (residence)
 Micropolitan/not metro Ref Ref
 Metropolitan (large or small) 0.97 (0.87, 1.09) 0.89 (0.80, 0.99)*
Hospital Region
 Northeast Ref Ref
 Midwest 1.27 (1.08, 1.50)** 1.10 (0.94, 1.29)
 South 1.56 (1.40, 1.74)*** 1.45 (1.28, 1.64)***
 West 1.64 (1.41, 1.91)*** 1.80 (1.55, 2.09)***
Teaching status of hospital
 Metropolitan non -teaching or non-metro Ref Ref
 Metropolitan teaching 1.15 (1.02, 1.29)* 1.15 (1.04, 1.28)
Comorbidities
 CHD (ref: no) 0.59 (0.56, 0.63)*** 0.98 (0.93, 1.03)
 Hyperlipidemia (ref: no) 1.05 (1.00, 1.10)* 1.28 (1.22, 1.35)***
 Renal failure (ref: no) 0.52 (0.48, 0.55)*** 0.75 (0.71, 0.80)***
 Heart Failure (ref: no) 0.36 (0.34, 0.39)*** 0.62 (0.59, 0.66)***
 Gout (ref: no) 0.79 (0.73, 0.87)*** 1.14 (1.03, 1.26)**
 Diabetes (ref: no) 0.75 (0.71, 0.78)*** 0.82 (0.78, 0.86)***
 COPD (ref: no) 0.50 (0.47, 0.54)*** 0.81 (0.75, 0.87)***
 Osteoarthritis (ref: no) 0.62 (0.58, 0.67)*** 0.94 (0.86, 1.02)
 Length of stay, in days 0.84 (0.83, 0.86)*** 0.88 (0.87, 0.89)***
  1. CHD, coronary heart disease; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval
  2. aOdds ratio from the logistic regression
  3. *p-value <0.05; **p-value <0.01; ***p-value <0.001; Significant odds ratios are in bold