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Table 2 Perception of service quality by holding NHIS by socioeconomic status among Ghanaian males

From: Perception of quality of health delivery and health insurance subscription in Ghana

Explanatory variables Perception of service quality by holding NHIS
  Better (%) Same (%) Worse (%) N
Highest educational level (χ2 = 67.97; p < 0.000)  
No education 47.3 21.0 31.7 266
Primary 43.1 37.5 19.5 282
Secondary 32.0 31.3 36.7 1,692
Higher 29.3 32.3 38.4 383
Wealth index (χ2 = 97.97; p < 0.000)  
Poorest 48.1 25.7 26.2 460
Poorer 41.4 30.7 27.9 442
Middle 34.9 29.9 35.2 478
Richer 26.0 34.7 39.3 573
Richest 27.0 32.7 40.3 670
Region (χ2 = 420.75; p < 0.000)  
Western 19.6 30.5 49.9 292
Central 67.0 15.4 17.6 193
Greater Accra 17.5 25.8 56.7 401
Volta 35.6 32.2 32.2 209
Eastern 33.3 37.6 29.1 269
Ashanti 34.3 41.4 24.3 544
Brong-Ahafo 16.2 43.0 40.8 271
Northern 53.0 13.7 33.3 244
Upper East 63.8 28.4 7.8 123
Upper West 54.5 18.8 26.6 75
Type of place of residence (χ2 = 29.80; p < 0.000)  
Urban 28.2 34.9 36.9 1,354
Rural 40.9 27.0 32.1 1,271
Current marital status (χ2 = 10.75; p < 0.029)  
Never in union 35.1 33.3 31.6 1,118
Currently in union/living with a mans 34.4 29.0 36.6 1,387
Formerly in union/living with a man 27.2 34.0 38.7 120
Age (χ2 = 38.01; p < 0.002)  
15–19 37.4 36.3 26.3 562
20–24 35.0 28.3 36.7 331
25–29 39.5 28.6 31.9 301
30–34 27.9 29.9 42.2 298
35–39 30.9 27.6 41.4 309
40–44 33.7 26.2 40.1 277
45–49 32.0 30.6 37.4 220
50–54 37.4 34.1 28.5 184
55–59 31.3 38.0 30.7 150
Religion (χ2 = 32.52; p < 0.000)  
Orthodox 31.9 32.3 35.9 716
Pentecostal 34.5 31.2 34.3 742
Other Christian 26.5 34.3 39.1 458
Islam 41.0 27.3 31.7 507
Traditional/Others 43.7 28.5 27.8 200
Ethnicity (χ2 = 132.48; p < 0.000)  
Akan 30.6 32.5 36.9 1,287
Ga/Dangme 26.0 33.0 41.0 179
Ewe 31.1 29.5 39.5 339
Mole-Dagbani 43.8 27.9 28.3 444
Gurma 55.0 23.5 21.5 158
Others 34.1 35.9 30.0 216
Occupation (χ2 = 67.97; p < 0.000)     
Not working 35.1 37.0 27.9 408
Professional/Managerial 32.5 27.3 40.2 435
Sales/Services 29.7 32.7 37.6 278
Agricultural worker 41.4 27.3 31.3 819
Skilled/Unskilled 29.1 33.4 37.4 671
  1. Computed from 2014 GDHS