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Table 3 Results for the German speaking part of Switzerland (N = 24,041)

From: Determinants of aggregate length of hospital stay in the last year of life in Switzerland

  Length of stay (days) IRR 95 % CI
Mean SD   
Age (at time of death) (p < 0.001)    0.98 0.98–0.98
Sex (p < 0.05)
 men 27.9 35.0 1.00  
 women 27.4 33.8 1.04 1.00–1.07
Cause of death (p < 0.001)
cancer (ref.) 34.1 32.5 1.00  
 coronary heart disease 21.4 31.8 0.68 0.65–0.72
 stroke 19.6 30.4 0.63 0.60–0.67
 COPD 29.7 36.7 0.85 0.79–1.92
 dementia 57.7 74.6 1.96 1.71–2.25
 other 25.0 33.5 0.80 0.77–0.82
Multimorbidity (p < 0.001)
no (ref.) 31.1 38.3 1.00  
 yes 30.5 34.4 1.01 0.98–1.05
 unknown (no hospital stay) 23.8 30.9 0.75 0.73–0.78
ICU during last stay (p < 0.001)
no (ref.) 28.3 34.8 1.00  
 148 h 19.0 27.9 0.69 0.66–0.73
 more than 48 h 29.8 31.3 1.07 1.01–1.13
Educational level (p < 0.001)
medium (ref.) 28.3 33.2 1.00  
 low 26.4 32.5 0.96 0.93–0.99
 high 29.9 37.8 1.04 0.99–1.09
 unknown 27.6 37.4 1.03 0.99–1.08
House or flat owner (p < 0.001)
tenant (ref.) 28.3 34.6 1.00  
 owner-occupier 26.8 33.4 0.93 0.90–0.96
Room category (p < 0.01)
regular (ref.) 26.9 35.0 1.00  
 semi-private/private 29.7 31.3 1.08 1.04–1.11
Marital status (p < 0.001)
married (ref.) 28.5 33.4 1.00  
 never married 29.4 40.7 1.04 0.98–1.09
 widowed 25.1 32.5 1.00 0.96–1.04
 divorced 32.5 37.8 1.10 1.03–1.16
Nationality (p < 0.001)
Swiss (ref.) 27.3 33.8 1.00  
 foreign 33.0 38.2 1.09 1.03–1.16
Nursing home bed densitya (p > 0.001)    0.97 0.97–0.98
  1. IRR incidence rate ratios, 95 % CI = 95 % confidence interval, p-values from likelihood ratio tests
  2. a = average number of nursing home beds per 100 habitants aged 65 years and older (per 106 regions)
  3. Data source: Swiss Federal Statistical Office, MedStat, SNC