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Table 4 Results for the French speaking part of Switzerland (N = 9,745)

From: Determinants of aggregate length of hospital stay in the last year of life in Switzerland

  Length of stay (days) IRR 95 % CI
Mean SD   
Age (at time of death) (p < 0.001)    0.99 0.99–0.99
Sex (p < 0.05)
 men 41.6 46.5 1.00  
 women 42.6 46.5 1.01 0.97–1.06
Cause of death (p < 0.001)
cancer (ref.) 48.1 42.1 1.00  
 coronary heart disease 30.7 43.4 0.67 0.62–0.73
 stroke 32.8 46.6 0.70 0.65–0.77
 COPD 49.8 58.1 0.96 0.85–1.09
 dementia 70.0 72.3 1.54 1.31–1.82
 other 38.5 47.5 0.84 0.80–0.89
Multimorbidity (p < 0.001)
no (ref.) 40.6 43.0 1.00  
 yes 48.0 51.0 1.22 1.15–1.30
 unknown (no hospital stay) 36.8 42.6 0.91 0.86–0.96
ICU during last stay (p < 0.001)
no (ref.) 44.5 47.7 1.00  
 148 h 23.8 35.7 0.54 0.49–0.58
 more than 48 h 33.9 37.5 0.76 0.71–0.82
Educational level (p < 0.001)
medium (ref.) 40.5 43.6 1.00  
 low 41.2 48.9 1.02 0.96–1.07
 high 43.9 48.0 1.09 1.02–1.17
 unknown 44.7 50.4 1.09 1.03–1.16
House or flat owner (p < 0.001)
tenant (ref.) 44.1 49.2 1.00  
 owner-occupier 39.2 42.2 0.92 0.88–0.97
Room category (p < 0.01)
regular (ref.) 42.9 47.6 1.00  
 semi-private/private 35.0 34.5 0.83 0.77–0.89
Marital status (p < 0.001)
married (ref.) 40.9 43.9 1.00  
 never married 41.8 48.5 1.02 0.94–1.11
 widowed 42.0 47.5 1.08 1.02–1.14
 divorced 50.0 55.3 1.15 1.06–1.25
Nationality (p < 0.001)
Swiss (ref.) 41.1 45.5 1.00  
 foreign 49.9 53.5 1.11 1.04–1.19
Nursing home bed densitya (p > 0.001)    0.89 0.88–0.91
  1. IRR incidence rate ratios, 95 % CI = 95 % confidence interval, p-values from likelihood ratio tests
  2. a = average number of nursing home beds per 100 habitants aged 65 years and older (per 106 regions)
  3. Data source: Swiss Federal Statistical Office, MedStat, SNC