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Table 3 Associations of mammography attendancea with socio-demographic, lifestyle/health factors, and screening behavior other than mammography in 50-69 years-old women: Swiss Health Survey 2012b

From: Breast cancer screening attendance in two Swiss regions dominated by opportunistic or organized screening

   German region French region  
   unadjusted multivariable adjustedc unadjusted multivariable adjustedc  
   OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI P-Interaction
Educational level High 1   1   1   1   
Middle 1.27 (0.94-1.72) 1.17 (0.85-1.60) 1.02 (0.63-1.63) 0.85 (0.50-1.44)  
Low 1.16 (0.75-1.80) 1.08 (0.68-1.71) 0.86 (0.48-1.54) 0.60 (0.32-1.12) 0.208
Nationality Swiss 1   1   1   1   
Non-Swiss 0.95 (0.59-1.51) 0.91 (0.57-1.46) 1.32 (0.70-2.49) 1.41 (0.73-2.73) 0.360
Place of residence Urban 1   1   1   1   
Rural 1.14 (0.88-1.47) 1.16 (0.88-1.51) 0.86 (0.57-1.29) 0.96 (0.60-1.52) 0.255
Marital status married / registered partnership 1   1   1   1   
Single, divorced / dissolved partnership, separated, widowed 0.78 (0.61-1.01) 0.82 (0.63-1.06) 0.77 (0.53-1.13) 0.76 (0.51-1.14) 0.808
Smoking status Never smokers 1   1   1   1   
Ex-smoker 1.33 (1.01-1.74) 1.28 (0.96-1.70) 1.17 (0.74-1.86) 0.97 (0.59-1.59)  
Current smokers 0.87 (0.64-1.17) 0.92 (0.67-1.26) 0.76 (0.49-1.18) 0.73 (0.45-1.18) 0.399
Alcohol Never 1   1   1   1   
< 20 g ethanol per day 1.19 (0.92-1.55) 1.21 (0.92-1.59) 1.86 (1.24-2.77) 2.01 (1.28-3.15)  
≥ 20 g ethanol per day 0.86 (0.49-1.52) 0.94 (0.53-1.67) 1.00 (0.50-2.01) 0.98 (0.45-2.11) 0.270
Physical activity ≥ 150 min. per week 1   1   1   1   
< 150 min. per week 0.88 (0.67-1.15) 0.91 (0.68-1.21) 0.79 (0.54-1.14) 0.73 (0.49-1.09) 0.355
Attention to diet Yes 1   1   1   1   
No 0.86 (0.60-1.22) 1.01 (0.70-1.44) 0.81 (0.55-1.19) 1.04 (0.69-1.56) 0.565
Self-perceived health Good, very good 1   1   1   1   
Fair, poor, very poor 1.25 (0.92-1.70) 1.08 (0.75-1.55) 1.81 (1.17-2.80) 1.66 (0.98-2.81) 0.205
Chronic diseased No 1   1   1   1   
Yes 1.24 (0.99-1.57) 0.90 (0.69-1.17) 1.60 (1.09-2.36) 1.13 (0.72-1.77) 0.390
Psychological distress Low 1   1   1   1   
Moderate 1.11 (0.78-1.59) 1.03 (0.72-1.47) 1.32 (0.83-2.10) 1.16 (0.69-1.94)  
High 0.85 (0.47-1.53) 0.70 (0.38-1.30) 1.36 (0.69-2.69) 1.33 (0.61-2.86) 0.219
Visits to a physician within the recent year no 1   1   1   1   
1-5 times 4.02 (2.64-6.11) 3.96 (2.58-6.09) 7.54 (4.31-13.17) 7.25 (4.04-13.01)  
6 to 10 times 4.31 (2.57-7.21) 4.26 (2.49-7.30) 6.71 (3.35-13.46) 5.51 (2.60-11.68)  
> 10 times 6.43 (3.72-11.13) 7.03 (3.88-12.73) 6.14 (2.69-13.98) 6.07 (2.54-14.52) 0.976
Cervical cancer screening Yes 1   1   1   1   
No 0.38 (0.21-0.69) 0.44 (0.25-0.79) 0.44 (0.29-0.67) 0.57 (0.35-0.91) 0.786
Colorectal cancer screening Yes 1   1   1   1   
No 0.56 (0.44-0.71) 0.66 (0.52-0.84) 0.43 (0.28-0.65) 0.52 (0.33-0.83) 0.235
  1. amammography screening adherence defined by participation within the last 2 years
  2. bweighted according the Swiss general population
  3. cadjusted for all factors shown in Table 1, except cervical cancer and colonoscopy screening
  4. dself-reported ongoing disease or health problem lasting for at least 6 months or expected to last further 6 months