You are viewing the site in preview mode

Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Characteristics of dead and alive hospitalized CKD patients

From: Mortality and treatment costs of hospitalized chronic kidney disease patients between the three major health insurance schemes in Thailand

Characteristics Discharge status of CKD patients
Dead CKD patients Alive CKD patients p-value
Number of patients (persons) 13,755 114,583  
Age (years; mean ± SD) 67.89 ± 14.04 66.79 ± 13.70 <0.001
Sex (male/female) 1/0.98 1/1.07 <0.001
Health scheme (%)    
UCS/CSMBS/SHI 74.5/22.4/3.1 77.2/18.9/3.9 <0.001
Hospital levels (%)
 Community/General/Tertiary/Private    
  First admission 24.6/29.7/41.0/4.7 46.1/22.7/26.7/4.5 <0.001
  Frequent admission 17.3/33.0/44.9/4.8 42.7/24.2/28.5/4.5 <0.001
  Last admission 14.9/34.6/45.9/4.6 43.4/24.2/28.0/4.4 <0.001
Onetime admission/Multiple admission (%) 54.6/45.4 63.9/36.1 <0.001
CKD diagnosed as primary/secondary (%) 21.7/78.3 24.2/75.8 <0.001
Proportion of ESRD ((%) 39.29 25.16 <0.001
Common co-morbidities (%)    
 Hypertension 59.54 59.26 0.52
 Diabetes mellitus 49.40 45.06 <0.001
 Hyperlipidemia 17.43 18.98 <0.001
 Ischemic heart disease 23.10 14.04 <0.001
 Heart failure 23.82 13.00 <0.001
 Gout 10.12 10.94 0.003
 Sepsis 44.68 9.29 <0.001
 Pneumonia 28.06 8.19 <0.001
 Acute kidney injury 21.61 7.33 <0.001
 Diarrhea 8.30 8.56 0.31
 Stroke 15.06 6.51 <0.001
 Respiratory failure 34.22 5.14 <0.001
Complications (%)    
 Anemia requiring blood transfusion 43.01 28.64 <0.001
 Hyperkalemia 27.10 13.47 <0.001
 Volume overload 20.58 10.81 <0.001
 Metabolic acidosis 20.35 6.77 <0.001
Dialysis treatment (%)    
 Hemodialysis 18.29 8.43 <0.001
 Peritoneal dialysis 5.21 2.44 <0.001
Length of stay (days; mean ± SD) 11.4 ± 24.8 5.8 ± 8.8 <0.001
Hospital charges (baht; mean ± SD) 61,662 ± 164,842 18,656 ± 55,546 <0.001
  1. Note: ESRD end stage renal disease, CKD chronic kidney disease, ESRD end stage renal disease, UCS Universal Coverage Scheme, CSMBSCivil Servant Medical Benefit Scheme, SHI Social Health Insurance, SD standard deviation