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Table 3 Association between baseline variables and hazards of failure (death/LTFU) among ART patients in studied health facilities; October, 2010 to January, 2014

From: Comparison of survival in adult antiretroviral treatment naïve patients treated in primary health care centers versus those treated in hospitals: retrospective cohort study; Oromia region, Ethiopia

Variables Crude bAdjusted
HR (95 % CI) HR (95 % CI)
Baseline functional status
 Bed ridden/Sick ambulatory 2.5 (2.0,3.0) 2.4 (2.0,3.0)
 Working functional status Reference category
Baseline WHO stage
 WHO stage III/IV 1.6 (1.3,2.1) 1.3 (1.0,1.6)
 WHO stage I/II Reference category
Baseline CD4 count
 CD4 less than or equal 200cell/ml 1.1 (0.9,1.4) 1.0 (0.8,1.3)
 CD4 less than 200cells/ml Reference category
Disease stage at ART start timea
 Advanced 3.3 (2.7,4.0) 2.8 (2.3,3.4)
 Not advanced Reference category
CPT regular refilling
 No regular refilling 2.3 (1.0,5.2) 2.0 (0.9,4.5)
 Had regular refilling Reference category
Adherence to ART
 Poor/Fair (<95 %) 3.6 (2.9,4.4) 3.4 (2.8,5.2)
 Good (> = 95 %) Reference category
Facility category
 Health Center 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 0.9 (0.7–1.1)
 Hospital Reference category
  1. aAdvanced disease stage is for patients in the WHO stage III/IV with CD4 cell count less than 200 cells/ml
  2. bAdjusted for socio-demographic variables and all variables in the table