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Table 2 Potential risk factors for the utilization of outpatient services

From: The impact of predisposing, enabling, and need factors in utilization of health services among rural residents in Guangxi, China

Characteristics Physician visit No physician visit P value
(n = 686) (n = 3948)
Predisposing factors
 Age (years) 41.51 ± 26.29 31.19 ± 20.50 <0.001
 Gender
  Male 313 2116(14.79 %) <0.001
  Femalea 373 1832(20.36 %)
 Marital status
  Singlea 208 1765(11.78 %) <0.001
  Married 432 2056(21.01 %)
  Separated/Divorced/Widowed 46 127(36.22 %)
 Ethnicity
  Han 672 3911(17.18 %) 0.011
  Othersa 14 37(37.84 %)
 Family size (people) 5.56 ± 2.25 6.10 ± 2.25 <0.001
Enabling factors
 Educational level
  No educationa 219 686(31.92 %) <0.001
  Primary school 245 1107(22.13 %)
  Secondary school 183 1601(11.43 %)
  High school 36 421(8.55 %)
  College or more 3 133(2.26 %)
 Time to nearest health facility (min) 10.21 ± 10.60 12.35 ± 14.71 <0.001
 Expenditure on healthcare (RMB) 4671.77 ± 7433.72 4167.51 ± 9297.44 0.180
 Expenditure of NCMS (RMB) 159.31 ± 67.05 175.29 ± 69.53 < 0.001
Need factors
 Chronic diseases
  Yes 246 290(84.83 %) <0.001
  Noa 440 3658(12.03 %)
  1. a reference group