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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the patients

From: At first glance, informal payments experience on track: why accept or refuse? Patients’ perceive in cardiac surgery department of public hospitals, northeast of Iran 2013

Demographic characteristics Number (%) Total
Gender Male 172 (54.4) 316
Female 144 (45.6)
Age 0–5 36 (11.4) 316
6–15 22 (7.0)
16–29 15 (4.7)
30–39 14 (4.4)
40–49 26 (8.2)
50–59 76 (24.1)
More than 60 years 127 (40.2)
Education Not in school age 39 (12.3) 286
Illiterate 132 (41.8)
Primary school 69 (21.8)
Secondary school 21 (6.6)
High school 17 (5.4)
Higher 8 (2.5)
Length of stay (days) 1–7 119 (44.7) 270
8–14 97 (36.1)
15–21 35 (12.9)
more than 21 19 (7.0)
Social status Infants or children 39 (12.3) 316
Single 35 (11.1)
Married 214 (67.7)
Other (widow-divorced) 28 (8.8)
Employment status Infants or children 39 (12.3) 316
Student 27 (8.5)
Employee (salaried) 28 (8.9)
self-employment 58 (18.4)
Laborer 14 (4.4)
Farmer 30 (9.5)
Housekeeper 106 (33.5)
Unemployed 14 (4.4)
Residency Mashhad 128 (40.5) 316
Village 95 (30.1)
Towns 65 (20.6)
Capital of province 23 (7.3)
Foreign 5 (1.5)
Health insurance status Insured 292 (92.4) 316
Uninsured 24 (7.6)
have complementary health insurance 59 (18.4) 316
Without complementary health insurance 257 (81.3)
Way of referring Going directly to the clinic 90 (33.3) 270
Physician’s office 76 (28.1)
Referrals from other health centers 54 (20.0)
Emergency 50 (18.6)