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Table 5 The statistical relationship between informal payments and demographic characteristics of the patient

From: At first glance, informal payments experience on track: why accept or refuse? Patients’ perceive in cardiac surgery department of public hospitals, northeast of Iran 2013

Research variable   Mean ± SD P-value
Gender Male 0.09 ± 0.86 0.13
Female 0.42 ± 2.00
Age 0–5 0 0.61
6–15 0.58 ± 2.34
16–29 0.31 ± 1.21
30–39 0
40–49 0
50–59 0.41 ± 1.89
More than 60 0.20 ± 1.51
Length of stay 1–7 0.23 ± 1.44 0.12
8–14 0.10 ± 0.97
15–21 0.28 ± 1.63
More than 21 days 0.95 ± 3.08
Marital status Infant or child 0 0.49
Single 0.46 ± 1.88
Married 0.28 ± 1.65
Widow 0
Education Not in school age 0 0.36
Illiterate 0.33 ± 1.82
Primary school 0.15 ± 1.19
Secondary school 0
High school 0.48 ± 1.95
Higher 0.66 ± 1.77
Residency Mashhad 0.36 ± 1.86 0.73
Capital of province 0.44 ± 2.04
Town 0.14 ± 1.07
Village 0.11 ± 1.01
Foreign 0
Employment status Infant or child 0.26 ± 1.58 0.89
Student 0.21 ± 0.99
Employee 0.39 ± 1.74
Self-employed 0
Laborer 0
Farmer 0.34 ± 1.80
Housekeeper 0.36 ± 1.94
Unemployed 0
Health Insurance coverage No 0.66 ± 2.50 0.28
Yes 0.21 ± 1.41
Type of health insurance Rural health care 0.20 ± 1.38 0.39
Social Security 0.13 ± 1.12
Iranian health care 6.696 ± 0.956
Employee health services 35.730 ± 12.695
Armed Forces 0
Health care of other sectors 0
Aid Committee 0
Private insurance 0
International Recommendation Letter 0
Without Health Insurance 26.001 ± 7.211
Way of referring Going directly to the hospital's clinic 0.21 ± 1.41 0.04
Physician’s office 0.12 ± 1.08
Referrals from other health centers 0
Emergency 0.73 ± 2.56
Complementary health insurance No 0.23 ± 1.40 0.81
Yes 0.26 ± 1.82