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Table 2 Factors associated with preferred location of care (n = 693)

From: Predictors of preferred location of care in middle-aged individuals of a municipality in Japan: a cross-sectional survey

  Preferred location p-value
Home (n = 440) Facility (n = 253)
Sex Men 187 42.9 76 30.3 <0.01**
Women 249 57.1 175 69.7  
Missing 4   2   
Age Median (25–75%) 53 (47–60) 50 (45–58) <0.01**a
Missing 10   3   
Household size Living alone 15 3.5 16 6.5 0.17
Married couples 85 19.8 56 22.6  
2- or 3-generation families living together 282 65.6 155 62.5  
Others 48 11.2 21 8.5  
Missing 10   5   
Number of family members Median (25–75%) 3 (3–5) 3 (2–4) 0.33a
Missing 28   23   
Disease (receiving treatment or experiencing subsequent effects) Have disease 201 54.2 117 53.9 0.95
No disease 170 45.8 100 46.1  
Missing 69   36   
Self-reported health Very good/good 397 90.9 224 88.9 0.41
Not good/poor 40 9.2 28 11.1  
Missing 3   1   
Occupation Employment/Self-employment 344 78.7 190 75.4 0.31
No occupation 93 21.3 62 24.6  
Missing 3   1   
Type of occupation Full-time employment 163 37.3 87 34.5 0.47
No full-time employment 274 62.7 165 65.5  
Missing 3   1   
Part-time employment 103 23.6 71 28.2 0.18
No part-time employment 334 76.4 181 71.8  
Missing 3   1   
Self-employment 57 13.0 20 7.9 0.04*
No self-employment 380 87.0 232 92.1  
Missing 3   1   
Experience with caring for family Have experience 172 40.6 99 41.8 0.76
No experience 252 59.4 138 58.2  
Missing 16   16   
Relationship with neighbours House visits/talking if met 218 53.0 107 45.7 0.07
Only greeting/almost no relationship 193 47.0 127 54.3  
Missing 29   19   
Effort to promote health and prevent disease Make an effort 400 92.4 233 93.2 0.69
Do not make an effort 33 7.6 17 6.8  
Missing 7   3   
Motivation in life Have motivation in life 416 97.4 236 96.3 0.42
No motivation in life 11 2.6 9 3.7  
Missing 13   8   
Kind of motivation in life Hobby 163 38.2 80 32.7 0.15
No hobby 264 61.8 165 67.4  
Missing 13   8   
Job 85 19.9 47 19.2 0.82
No job 342 80.1 198 80.8  
Missing 13   8   
Sports 125 29.3 62 25.3 0.27
No sports 302 70.7 183 74.7  
Missing 13   8   
Go to culture lessons/study to satisfy interests 107 25.1 95 38.8 <0.01**
Not go to culture lessons/study to satisfy interests 320 74.9 150 61.2  
Missing 13   8   
Volunteer work 62 14.5 45 18.4 0.19
Not volunteer work 365 85.5 200 81.6  
Missing 13   8   
Spending time happily with family 209 49.0 95 38.8 0.01*
Not spending time happily with family 218 51.1 150 61.2  
Missing 13   8   
Friends and neighbours 151 35.3 77 31.4 0.30
No friends and neighbours 276 64.6 168 68.6  
Missing 13   8   
Others 11 2.6 6 2.5 0.92
No others 416 97.4 239 97.6  
Missing 13   8   
Knowledge of municipality's care prevention policy Well informed/a little knowledge 64 15.0 18 7.5 <0.01**
Not well informed/No knowledge 362 85.0 222 92.5  
Missing 14   13   
Number of information source Median (25–75%) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3) <0.01**a
Missing 7   5   
Types of information source Municipality’s public relations magazine 318 73.4 175 70.6 0.42
Other 115 26.6 73 29.4  
Missing 7   5   
Friends 68 15.7 38 15.3 0.89
Not friends 365 84.3 210 84.7  
Missing 7   5   
Television 82 18.9 37 14.9 0.18
Not television 351 81.1 211 85.1  
Missing 7   5   
Personal computer 44 10.2 28 11.3 0.64
Not personal computer 389 89.8 220 88.7  
Missing 7   5   
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01; aWilcoxon rank sum test, other variables: χ 2 test