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Table 2 Distribution of Women by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics by Survey Year

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in the uptake of maternal healthcare services in Ethiopia

Women’s Characteristics Year 2000 (N = 7917) Year 2005 (N = 7273) Year 2011 (N = 7836)
Age group Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Frequency Percent
 15–19 468 5.9 430 5.9 393 5.0
 20–29 3703 46.8 3416 47.0 3936 50.2
 30–39 2710 34.2 2561 35.2 2721 34.7
 40–49 1036 13.1 866 11.9 787 10.0
Birth order       
 1st order birth 1313 16.6 1163 16.0 1346 17.2
 2nd order birth 1274 16.1 1082 14.9 1337 17.1
 3rd order birth 1087 13.7 1000 13.8 1109 14.2
 Birth order 4+ 4243 53.6 4028 55.4 4044 51.6
Education       
 No education 6524 82.4 5723 78.7 5246 66.9
 Primary 993 12.5 1189 16.3 2236 28.5
 Secondary or higher 401 5.1 361 5.0 355 4.5
Occupation       
 Not working 2756 34.8 5014 68.9 3486 44.5
 Sales and Services 901 11.4 624 8.6 1464 18.7
 Skilled manual 664 8.4 113 1.6 558 7.1
 Unskilled manual and Agri workers 3587 45.3 1509 20.7 2252 28.7
Ethnic origin       
 Other Ethnic Ethiopians 2108 26.6 2173 29.9 2305 29.4
 Amhara 2529 31.9 2117 29.1 2232 28.5
 Oromo 2734 34.5 2499 34.4 2740 35.0
 Tigray 542 6.8 467 6.4 517 6.6
Religion       
 Orthodox 4012 50.7 3233 44.5 3266 41.7
 Muslim 2330 29.4 2382 32.7 2562 32.7
 Other religions 1576 19.9 1658 22.8 1916 24.4
Media Access       
 No access 5775 72.9 4560 62.7 3154 40.2
 Moderate access 2064 26.1 2573 35.4 4112 52.5
 High access 69 .9 111 1.5 554 7.1
Urban-rural residence       
 Urban 875 11.1 621 8.5 1160 14.8
 Rural 7042 88.9 6652 91.5 6676 85.2