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Table 4 Other bleeding events – average attributable costs per patient, EUR (2015 prices)

From: Costs of major intracranial, gastrointestinal and other bleeding events in patients with atrial fibrillation – a nationwide cohort study

  3-years costs (present value calculated in the incidence year)a Annual attributable cost estimates (not discounted)b
Year 0 (incidence year) Year 1 after the bleeding event Year 2 after the bleeding event
Direct costs
 Healthcare 9048 8393 1035 23
  Inpatient hospital care 7418 7192*** 640* −100
  Outpatient hospital care 1492 1017*** 401*** 162
  Private practice health prof. 83 136*** −8 −46**
  Prescribed medicine 54 48*** 3 7
 Social care services 2119 852 790 640
  Home help 1364 597*** 501*** 367*
  Nursing home 755 255* 289* 273
Indirect costs
 Productivity loss 1218 281 419 631
 Direct and indirect costs 12,384 9526 2244 1294
  1. aSee Table 2
  2. bSee Table 2
  3. Asterisks indicate that the null-hypothesis was rejected (*p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001)