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Table 6 Sample revisions proposed for item equivalence for Spanish version

From: Cultural adaptation of a pediatric functional assessment for rehabilitation outcomes research

Administered item Proposed modification
Spanish English translation Spanish (English)
Celebraciones en el hogar (ej.: reuniones de días festivos, fiestas de cumpleaños) Celebrations at home (e.g., holiday gatherings, birthday parties) Modify: Change “Celebraciones en el hogar” (Celebrations at home) to “Reuniones de hogar” (Home gatherings)
Reuniones y actividades religiosas o espirituales (ej.: asistir a lugares de adoración, clases y grupos religiosos) Religious or spiritual gatherings and activities (e.g., attending places of worship, religious classes and groups) Add examples: Misas (Masses); Pastorelas (Nativity plays); Catecismo (Catechism)
Actividades físicas no estructuradas (ej.: áreas de juego y parques, playas, caminatas, andar en bicicletas y patinetas, andar en trineos, ir de pesca, patinar en el hielo) Unstructured physical activities (e.g., playgrounds and parks, beaches, hiking, bikes and scooters, sledding, fishing, ice skating) Add examples: Albercas (Pools); Carreras en el campo al aire libre (Races outside); Brincar la cuerda (Jump rope)