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Table 4 The comparison of formal and informal care between T0 and T1 in each patient group

From: The utilization of formal and informal home care by older patients with cancer: a Belgian cohort study with two control groups

  ONC   OCP   MCP  
T0 T1   T0 T1   T0 T1  
n % n % p-value n % n % p-value n % n % p-value
Formal care n = 333 n = 195 0.03 n = 161 n = 84 0.06 n = 350 n = 190 < 0,001
 Users 167 50.2 110 56.4   83 51.6 55 65.5   63 18.0 77 40.5  
 Non-users 166 49.8 85 43.6   78 48.4 29 34.5   287 82.0 113 59.5  
Individual home care service
 Home nursing 66 19.8 42 21.5 0.08 33 20.5 20 23.8 1.00 14 4.0 21 11.1 0.01
 Home help services 24 7.2 9 4.6 0.21 9 5.6 6 7.1 0.73 5 1.4 3 1.6 1.00
 Cleaning help 140 42.0 92 47.2 0.29 74 46.0 43 51.2 1.00 49 14.0 44 23.2 0.02
 Physiotherapy 37 11.1 23 11.8 0.66 5 3.1 16 19.0 0.01 14 4.0 34 17.9 < 0,001
 Meals on wheels 26 7.8 11 5.6 0.11 8 5.0 3 3.6 1.00 0 0.0 1 0.5 1.00
Informal care n = 331 n = 191 1.00 n = 157 n = 80 0.65 n = 335 n = 185 0.03
 Present 188 56.8 103 53.9   135 86.0 63 78.8   286 85.4 140 75.7  
 Not present 143 43.2 88 46.1   22 14.0 17 21.3   49 14.6 45 24.3  
Formal care + informal care n = 331 n = 191   n = 157 n = 80   n = 335 n = 185  
 No care 84 25.4 40 20.9 0.10 11 7.0 7 8.8 1.00 38 11.3 30 16.2 0.24
 Informal care only 80 24.2 43 22.5 1.00 66 42.0 19 23.8 0.01 237 70.7 79 42.7 < 0,001
 Formal care only 59 17.8 48 25.1 0.07 11 7.0 10 12.5 0.79 11 3.3 15 8.1 0.08
 Informal care + formal care 108 32.6 60 31.4 1.00 69 43.9 44 55.0 0.06 49 14.6 61 33.0 < 0,001
  1. Proportions between T0 and T1 were compared with the McNemar test. p < 0.05 denotes statistical significance