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Table 6 Comparative Data between China with Insurance or not in Quality Indicators

From: A tale of two systems: practice patterns of a single group of emergency medical physicians in Taiwan and China

Asthma, 1-18y, total n (%) China no insurance N = 1384 China with insurance N = 1071 Unadjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) With vs No insurance P value Adjusteda Odds Ratio (95% CI) With vs No insurance P value
Radiographs 81 (6.0%) 56 (5.2%) 0.86 (0.61-1.23) 0.410 0.86 (0.60-1.23) 0.410
Antibiotics 80 (5.9%) 64 (6.0%) 1.01 (0.72-1.41) 0.966 1.05 (0.74-1.48) 0.795
Steroids and discharged homeb 24 (1.8%) 23 (2.2%) 1.21 (0.68-2.16) 0.516 1.25 (0.69-2.25) 0.465
Admitted with steroid in the EDc 17 (47.2%) 14 (60.9%) 1.04 (0.51-2.11) 0.920 1.90 (0.58-6.17) 0.288
Unplanned return visit within 24 h 15 (1.1%) 15 (1.4%) 1.26 (0.61-2.59) 0.525 1.25 (0.60-2.60) 0.554
Unplanned return visit between 24 and 72 h 23 (1.7%) 25 (2.3%) 1.38 (0.78-2.44) 0.271 1.34 (0.75-2.39) 0.331
Bronchiolitis, 3 m-2y, total n (%) No insurance N = 1708 With insurance N = 418     
Radiographs 245 (14.3%) 59 (14.1%) 0.98 (0.72-1.33) 0.904 1.11 (0.81-1.53) 0.514
Antibiotics 189 (11.1%) 34 (8.1%) 0.71 (0.49-1.04) 0.080 0.71 (0.48-1.05) 0.089
Croup, 3 m-3y, total n (%) No insurance N = 405 With insurance N = 131     
Radiographs 68 (16.8%) 17 (13.0%) 0.74 (0.42-1.31) 0.299 0.75 (0.42-1.33) 0.317
Steroids 222 (54.8%) 60 (45.8%) 0.70 (0.47-1.03) 0.073 0.73 (0.48-1.09) 0.123
Admitted without steroids in EDc 12 (40.0%) 2 (40.0%) 0.51 (0.05-2.33) 0.534 1.04 (0.10-10.43) 0.974
Unplanned return visit within 24 h 13 (3.2%) 4 (3.1%) 0.95 (0.30-2.96) 1 0.93 (0.30-2.92) 0.900
  1. No insurance in China serves as the reference group
  2. aAdjust for age, gender(reference = female), triage(reference = triage level 4-5), season(reference = spring & summer) and time of visit(reference = night) in Asthma & Bronchiolitis
  3. aAdjust for gender(reference = female), triage(reference = triage level 4-5), season(reference = spring & summer) and time of visit(reference = night) in Croup
  4. bPercentage with the discharge as the denominator
  5. cPercentage with the admitted as the denominator