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Table 3 Baseline patient and encounter-level characteristics for high cost admissions (n = 200)

From: Clinical factors contributing to high cost hospitalizations in a Canadian tertiary care centre

Variable High cost admissions
  n = 200
Age at Admission – Mean (SD), years 69 (15)
Male 92 (46%)
Admitted route Emergent 146 (73%)
Urgent 20 (10%)
Elective 34 (17%)
Elixhauser Comorbidity Score - Mean (SD) 7.1 (6.6)
Total LOS (days) - Median (IQR) 27 (18–48)
Acute LOS (days) - Median (IQR) 21 (14–31)
ICU Days >0 58 (29%)
Median (IQR) 9 (6–14)
ALC Days >0 65 (33%)
Median (IQR) 29 (17–40)
Total Cost (CDN) - Median (IQR) $35,438 ($23,963–$54,075)
Discharge disposition Died 28 (14%)
Home 38 (19%)
Home with supportive services 53 (27%)
Other acute care facility 16 (8%)
Long-term care 62 (31%)
Other 3 (2%)
Reason for admission Cancer 12 (6%)
Complex medical 98 (49%)
Elective surgery 28 (14%)
Emergent surgery 28 (14%)
Maternal 2 (1%)
Social 9 (5%)
Trauma 23 (12%)
Complications 119 (60%)
Services delay 78 (39%)
Disposition delay 105 (53%)
Inefficient clinical decision-making 25 (13%)
Inpatient encounters in 365 days post discharge Total accumulated inpatient days - Mean (SD) 15 (33)
0 visits 112 (56%)
1 visit 51 (26%)
2 visits 19 (10%)
3 visits 12 (6%)
4+ visits 6 (3%)
  1. Abbreviations: ALC Alternate Level of Care, ICU Intensive Care Unit, IQR Inter-quartile Range, LOS Length of Stay, SD Standard Deviation