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Variable

Before PNCP implementation (n = 58) N (%) or mean +/− SD

After PNCP implementation (n = 59) N (%) or mean +/− SD)

pvalue


Sex (male)

32 (55%)

33 (56%)

0.934

Race (nonwhite)

14 (24%)

17 (29%)

0.567

Injury mechanism (motor vehicle)

36 (62.1%)

41 (69.5%)

0.397

Age at admission (years)

Mean (SD)

11.0 (4.7)

11.9 (4.5)

0.271

Median (IQR)

12.1 (8.4–14.6)

12.4 (8.7–16.2)

0.250

 0 to 5

9 (15.5%)

8 (13.6%)

0.601

 6 to 11

19 (32.8%)

19 (32.2%)
 
 12 to 15

20 (34.5%)

16 (27.1%)
 
 16 to 18

10 (17.2%)

16 (27.1%)
 
Glasgow Coma Score (GCS)^{a}

Mean (SD)

5.1 (1.8)

4.5 (1.6)

0.041

Median (IQR)

5.0 (3.0–7.0)

4.0 (3.0–6.0)

0.047

GCS 3–5 N (%)

23 (39.7%)

33 (55.9%)

0.078

GCS >5 N (%)

35 (60.3%)

26 (44.1%)
 
Pediatric Risk of Mortality Score (PRISM III)

Mean (SD)

5.4 (4.3)

5.9 (5.8)

0.557

Median (IQR)

4.5 (2.0–9.0)

5.0 (2.0–8.0)

0.928

1st Quartile N (%)

6 (10.3%)

9 (15.3%)

0.877

2nd Quartile N (%)

23 (39.7%)

16 (27.1%)
 
3rd Quartile N (%)

14 (24.1%)

22 (37.3%)
 
4th Quartile N (%)

15 (25.9%)

12 (20.3%)
 
PICU length of stay (days)

Mean (SD)

12.0 (7.9)

14.7 (9.0)

0.090

Median (IQR)

12.0 (6.0–15.0)

14.0 (7.0–22.0)

0.097

1st Quartile N (%)

10 (17.2%)

8 (13.6%)

0.144

2nd Quartile N (%)

18 (31.0%)

15 (25.4%)
 
3rd Quartile N (%)

19 (32.8%)

16 (27.1%)
 
4th Quartile N (%)

11 (19.0%)

20 (33.9%)
 
General/Floor length of stay (days)

Mean (SD)

33.7 (33.4)

30.3 (28.7)

0.549

Median (IQR)

26.0 (7.0–42.0)

22.0 (8.0–38.0)

0.664

1st Quartile N (%)

14 (24.1%)

11 (18.6%)

0.700

2nd Quartile N (%)

11 (19.0%)

19 (32.2%)
 
3rd Quartile N (%)

16 (27.6%)

15 (25.4%)
 
4th Quartile N (%)

17 (29.3%)

14 (23.7%)
 
Overall hospital length of stay (days)

Mean (SD)

45.8 (38.3)

45.0 (34.1)

0.908

Median (IQR)

34.0 (17.0–56.0)

37.0 (17.0–58.0)

0.946

Total inpatient cost percentage^{b}

100 (78.0)

107 (72.4)

0.607

Mean (SD)

100.0 (78.0)

107.2 (72.4)

0.607

Median (IQR)

67.6 (46.9–119.6)

88.7 (57.5–132.2)

0.377

 ^{a}GCS score < 8 is considered sTBI. GCS scores in the study population ranged between 3 and 8
 ^{b}Percentage is based on mean total cost prePNCP
 PNCP  Pediatric Neurocritical Care Program
 PICU – Pediatric Intensive Care Unit