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Table 1 Study characteristics

From: Barriers and facilitators to cultural competence in rehabilitation services: a scoping review

Study Rehabilitation field Location Design No. Of Participants Study goals
Al Busaidy and Borthwick 2012 [48] OT Oman Interviews 11 Practitioners Inquired about service provision experiences
Centeno 2009 [33] SLP USA Surveys 33 Practitioners Inquired about service provision experiences
Dogan et al 2009 [34]a PT Turkey Surveys 50 Practitioners Inquired about service provision and reception experiences
Dressler and Pils 2009 [35] PT, SLP, OT Austria Interviews 28 Practitioners: 1 SLP, 2 OTs, 1 PT; 24 others Examines practitioners perception of cross-cultural communication experiences
Drolet et al. 2014 [32] OT, SLP Canada Focus groups 43 Practitioners: 21 in healthb, 22 in social services Inquired about service provision experiences
Guiberson and Atkins, 2012 [36] SLP USA Survey 154 Practitioners Inquired about practitioners backgrounds, training, and experiences with service delivery
Jaggi and Bithell 1995 [44] PT Bangladesh Survey 68 Practitioners Inquired about practitioners experiences, knowledge, and attitudes regarding service delivery
Khamisha 1997 Part 1 & 2 [37, 53] OT Glasgow Survey 94 Practitioners Inquired about practitioners perceptions, experiences, knowledge, and attitudes regarding service delivery
Kinebanian and Stomph 1992 [46] OT Netherlands Interview 25 Practitioners Inquired about service provision experiences
Kirkham et al. 2009 [57] Aud USA Survey 103 Practitioners Inquired about perceptions of speech and language outcome disparities and recommendations to reduce disparities
Kirsh, Trentham and Cole 2006 [61] OT Canada Interviews 14 Consumers Inquired about minorities’ experiences with receiving services
Kohnert et al. 2003 [38] SLP USA Survey 104 Practitioners Inquired about service provision experiences
Kramer-Roy 2012 [62] OT United Kingdom Interviews 6 caregivers Inquired about the service needs of Pakistani families with disabled children
Kummerer and Lopez-Reyna 2006 [60] SLP USA Interviews 14 caregivers Explored the views and beliefs of language development, disabilities, therapy experiences of Mexican immigrant mothers
Lee, Sullivan and Lansbury 2006 [58] PT Australia Interviews & Observations 6 Practitioners Explored practitioners strategies with service delivery
Lindsay et al. 2012 [12] OT, PT Canada Interviews & Focus Groups 13 Practitioners & coordinators: 2 PTs, 2 OTs, 9 others Inquired about service provision experiences
Lindsay et al. 2014 [39] OT Canada Interviews 17 Practitioners Explored practitioners strategies with service delivery
Maul, 2010 [54] SLP USA Interviews 9 Practitioners Explored cultural competency skills in practitioners
Munoz 2007 [55] OT USA Interviews 12 Practitioners Explored practitioners’ perceptions of culturally competent service delivery
Nelson and Allison 2007 [43] OT Australia Part 1: Interviews & focus groups Part 2: Surveys Part 1: 25 Stakeholders including 8 caregivers Part 2: 50 Practitioners Explored practitioners’ perceptions of culturally competent service delivery
Nelson, Allison, and Copley 2007 [49] OT Australia Part 1: Survey Part 2: Focus groups & Interviews Part 1: 50 Practitioners Part 2: 25 Stakeholders including 8 caregivers Inquired about service provision and reception experiences
Nelson et al. 2011 [56] OT Australia Survey & Workshop discussion 41 Practitioners Inquired about service provision experiences
Phipps 1995 [40] OT Australia Survey 65 Practitioners Inquired about service provision experiences
Phoon and Maclagan 2009 [50] SLP Malaysia Survey 38 Practitioners Explored practitioners experiences with using assessments
Roseberry-McKibbon and Eicholtz 1994 [41] SLP USA Survey 1145 Practitioners Inquired about service provision experiences
Roseberry-Mckibbon, Brice and O’Hanlon, 2005 [42] SLP USA Survey 1736 Practitioners Inquired about service provision experiences
Stedman and Thomas 2011 [51] OT Australia Interviews 7 Practitioners Inquired about service provision experiences
Watts and Carlson, 2002 [52] OT Australia Interviews 8 Practitioners Inquired about practitioners’ experiences, perspectives and recommendations regarding service provision
Williams and McLeod 2012 [45] SLP Australia Survey 128 Practitioners Inquired about practitioners’ experiences and perspectives regarding service provision
Yang et al. 2006 [47] OT Singapore Interviews 9 Practitioners Explored the applicability of OT frameworks in Oman context
Yeowell 2010 [59] PT England Interviews 6 Patients Inquired about the service needs of Pakistani women
  1. OT Occupational Therapy, PT Physiotherapy, SLP Speech-language pathology, Aud Audiology
  2. aThis study did not have/require ethical clearance
  3. bThis study does not specify the number of practitioners per rehabilitation field