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Table 3 Weighted mean difference in Medicaid eligible days and Medicaid costs (95% confidence intervals) during 2-year post baseline between placed and unplaced individuals across Medicaid expenditure patterns

From: Impact of a New York City supportive housing program on Medicaid expenditure patterns among people with serious mental illness and chronic homelessness

  Total Very low coverage Low user Middle user Emerging user Second-highest user High user
N: placed vs. unplaced 737 vs. 2090 71 vs. 361 71 vs. 221 140 vs. 341 172 vs. 491 186 vs. 359 97 vs. 317
Medicaid eligible days
 Placed vs. unplaced 597 vs. 569 344 vs. 343 635 vs. 620 636 vs. 598 585 vs. 541 659 vs. 665 644 vs. 633
Total Medicaid costs
 Difference -$9526 (−19,038, -2003) -$15,694 (−35,926, -7983) -$6477 (−20,529, 17,093) -$533 (−20,000, 5604) -$9020 (−26,753, -1705) -$14,450 (−38,232, -4454) -$34,100 (−72,238, 24,126)
Medicaid costs due to outpatient carea
 Difference $69 (−1217, 2000) -$1134 (−2872,1027) -$704 (−4638, 2717) $335 (−3453, 3261) -$1669 (−4446, 906) $158 (−4662, 3773) -$1213 (−8043, 2720)
Medicaid costs due to inpatient carea
 Difference -$5864 (−12,251, -123) -$9365 (−23,376, -4961) -$1931 (−1,208,116, 758) -$2485 (−11,164, 4350) -$7260 (−17,557, -3068) -$11,099 (−27,596, -3115) -$26,269 (−54,756, 23,038)
Medicaid costs due to emergency department visitsa
 Difference -$318 (−598, −26) -$130 (−244, 509) $84 (−250, 962) -$128 (−394, 845) -$333 (−898, 573) -$596 (−3524, -378) -$1147 (−2262, −443)
Medicaid costs due to prescription drugsa
 Difference -$2014 (−3931, −998) -$1141 (−3438, 2887) -$1698 (−4434, 1528) $380 (−1547, 2731) -$1662 (−4232, 205) -$763 (−5929, 2686) -$4168 (−14,825, 3965)
  1. Data sources: NYC Department of Homeless Services, NYC Department of Correction, NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, NYC Human Resources Administration’s Customized Assistance Services and HIV/AIDS Services Administration, and New York State Office of Mental Health
  2. aSum of specific Medicaid costs did not match up with total Medicaid costs because other Medicaid costs were not reported in this table