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Table 3 Quality of primary care as perceived by healthcare professionals at baseline (T0) and follow-up (T1)

From: An integrated primary care approach for frail community-dwelling older persons: a step forward in improving the quality of care

ACIC-S dimension Control group T0 n = 18a Intervention group T0 † n = 57b Control group T1 n = 23c Intervention group T1 † n = 55d
  mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (SD)
Healthcare organization 3.78 (2.31) 6.92 (1.57)** 4.85 (2.43) 6.96 (1.33)*
Community linkages 5.50 (1.70) 6.46 (1.83) 5.31 (2.17) 7.55 (1.32)**
Self-management support 5.47 (2.03) 6.03 (1.86) 4.80 (1.83) 7.03 (1.80)**
Decision support 5.07 (1.84) 5.54 (1.68) 3.98 (1.72) 5.47 (1.77)*
Delivery system design 5.24 (2.07) 7.67 (1.33)** 6.22 (2.13) 7.75 (1.65)*
Clinical information systems 6.18 (2.28) 6.10 (2.18) 4.95 (2.39) 7.01 (1.33)*
Totale 5.26 (1.61) 6.45 (1.32)* 5.05 (1.74) 6.98 (1.04)**
  1. a0–2 missing values; b0–4 missing values; c0–2 missing values; d0–3 missing values; erange, 0–11; † Intervention group compared with control group at T0 and at T1; ACIC-S Assessment of Chronic Illness Care Short version, SD standard deviation. *p < 0.05 (two-tailed); **p < 0.001 (two-tailed); independent-samples t-test