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Table 5 The effect of the PC organizational change, difference-in-difference estimations

From: Evaluating organizational change in health care: the patient-centered hospital model

  (1) (2) (3) (4)
Days in hospital -0.006 -0.033*** -0.042*** -0.046***
  [0.020] [0.008] [0.009] [0.010]
No.Obs. 12,120 12,120 12,120 12,120
R-squared 0.943 0.962 0.965 0.966
Re-hospitalization rate (same MDC) -0.007*** 0.004* -0.006*** -0.004*
  [0.002] [0.002] [0.002] [0.002]
No.Obs. 12,120 12,120 12,120 12,120
R-squared 0.943 0.962 0.965 0.966
Re-hospitalization rate (same Hosp., same MDC) -0.004 0.000 -0.006*** -0.006***
  [0.002] [0.001] [0.002] [0.002]
No.Obs. 12,120 12,120 12,120 12,120
R-squared 0.871 0.899 0.904 0.909
Mortality rate -0.000 -0.002 -0.000 0.001
  [0.002] [0.002] [0.002] [0.002]
No.Obs. 12,120 12,120 12,120 12,120
R-squared 0.882 0.915 0.924 0.927
MDC x Year interaction No Yes Yes Yes
Hosp. and MDC Interactions with:     
Discharges No No Yes Yes
Age No No No Yes
Male No No No No
  1. Note: The table shows the estimate of the coefficient of the PC variable, for different variables, and respectively the log of the number of days of hospitalization (days in hospital), the log of the rate at which a discharged patient happens to be re-hospitalized in the same MDC within 30 days (re-hospitalization rate, same MDC), the log of the rate at which a discharged patient happens to be re-hospitalized in the same hospital and MDC within 30 days (re-hospitalization rate, same Hosp. and same MDC) and the log of the mortality rate within 30 days after discharge (mortality rate). All regressions are estimated always controlling for the year fixed effects, average number of discharged patients, average age and share of male patients for MDC j, hospital h and year t. Additional interaction terms have been added sequentially, as shown at the bottom of the table. Standard errors have been clustered at the hospital level. All MDCs out of 3 PC and 83 functional hospitals
  2. * 10% significance level, ** 5%, *** 1%