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Table 1 General Information of Study Population

From: Risks predicting prolonged hospital discharge boarding in a regional acute care hospital

  Regular Boarding (2 h) Prolonged Boarding (>  2 h) p
N = 5494 N = 6033
Patient general demographics
 Age (years) --- mean (SD)** 49 (15) 52 (16) <  0.001
 Gender (male) --- yes % (n)* 57 (3119) 55 (3289) 0.02
Race**
 African American 30 (1639) 28 (1677) <  0.001
 Caucasian 42 (2304) 47 (2814)  
 Othersa 28 (1551) 26 (1542)  
Ethnicity*
 Hispanic 27 (1489) 25 (1495) 0.01
 Not-Hispanic 73 (4001) 75 (4531)  
 Othersb 0.1 (4) 0.1 (7)  
Clinical / operational variables
 PCP assigned (yes)--- % (n)* 49 (2676) 47 (2812) 0.02
 APR-DRG SOI --- mean (SD)** 2.5 (0.8) 2.7 (0.8) <  0.001
        median (IQR)** 3 (2–3) 3 (2–3) <  0.001
 Boarding time (h) --- mean (SD)** 1.2 (0.5) 4.7 (6.5) <  0.001
          median (IQR)** 1.2 (0.8–1.6) 3.5 (2.6–5.0) <  0.001
 Interval between case manager consult and disposition (h) --- mean (SD) 4.2 (16) 5.3 (9) <  0.01
Disposition**
 Home 89 (4878) 72 (4314)  
 Skilled nursing facility 4.4 (240) 12.8 (769)  
 Home with home health service 2.9 (158) 4.6 (280)  
 Othersc 0.3 (14) 0.2 (9)  
 Expired 0.1 (3) 0.1 (97) <  0.001
 Transfersd 1.1 (60) 6.3 (380)  
 Hospice 0.9 (49) 1.7 (102)  
 Court / law enforcement 1.7 (92) 2.8 (170)  
Number of medications prescribed upon disposition (n) --- mean (SD)** 5 (4) 6 (5) <  0.001
Homeless (yes) --- % (n)** 7.7 (424) 5.7 (344) <  0.001
  1. Abbreviation: N number, SD standard deviation, PCP primary care physician, APR-DRG all patient refined diagnosis related groups, SOI severity of illness, IQR interquartile range, h hour
  2. aNative Hawaiian, Asian, American Indian, Patient refused, and Unknown;
  3. bUnknown and patient refused;
  4. cleft against medical advice, organ donation
  5. dpsychiatric hospital, veterans affairs hospital, designated cancer centers, or other hospitals
  6. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01