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Table 1 Characteristics of pediatric (post-neonatal) hospital admissions that included time in an ICUa 2010–2013

From: Pediatric admissions that include intensive care: a population-based study

Hospital admission episode characteristic PICU hospitals N = 7053 n (%) Non- PICU hospitals N = 472 n (%) P-value b
Age
 1 to < 12 months 2292 (32.5) 42 (8.9) < 0.001
 1–4 years 2348 (33.3) 94 (19.9) < 0.001
 5–9 years 1207 (17.1) 85 (18.0) 0.62
 10–15 years 1205 (17.1) 251 (53.2) < 0.001
Sex
 Male 3928 (55.7) 245 (51.9) 0.11
 Female 3125 (44.3) 227 (48.1) 0.11
Residence
 Urban 4973 (70.7) 74 (15.7) < 0.001
 Rural 2063 (29.3) 397 (84.3) < 0.001
Hospital type    
 Tertiary 7053 (100) 57 (12.1) < 0.001
 Other urban 0 (0) 34 (7.2)) < 0.001
 Regional 0 (0) 381 (80.7) < 0.001
Source of hospital admission
 emergency admission 1711 (24.3) 363 (76.9) < 0.001
 transfer admission 2289 (32.4) 52 (11.0) < 0.001
 physician referral 1346 (19.1) 41 (8.7) < 0.001
 outpatient clinic 1408 (20.0) 7 (1.5) < 0.001
 other/unknown 297 (4.2) 9 (1.9) 0.01
ICU hours (median, IQR) 47 (24–100) 15 (6–27) < 0.001c
ICU hours
  ≤ 24 h 1913 (27.1) 333 (70.6) < 0.001
  > 24 to ≤48 h 1745 (24.7) 88 (18.6) 0.003
  > 48 to ≤96 h 1550 (22.0) 30 (6.4) < 0.001
  > 96 h 1845 (26.2) 21 (4.5) < 0.001
Days in hospital (median, IQR) 6 (4–12) 2 (1–5) < 0.001c
Admission outcome
 Death 203 (2.9) 6 (1.3) 0.04
 Discharge 6349 (90.0) 332 (70.3) < 0.001
 Transfer 497 (7.1) 134 (28.4) < 0.001
 to children’s hospital 46 (9.3) 96 (71.6) < 0.001
 to other hospital 390 (78.5) 19 (14.2) < 0.001
 not recorded 61 (12.3) 19 (14.2) < 0.56
  1. aper admission (including time in ICU) until discharge home or transfer to another hospital
  2. bTest of two proportions (row values)
  3. cWilcoxon test