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Table 2 Principal diagnosis for NSW pediatric post-neonatal hospital admissions which included time in an ICU 2010–2013

From: Pediatric admissions that include intensive care: a population-based study

Reason for admission to hospital PICU hospitals N = 7053 n (%) Non-PICU hospitals N = 472 n (%) p-value c
Principal diagnosis
Respiratory illnesses 2012 (28.5) 121 (25.6) 0.18
 Acute infections 1341 (19.0) 48 (10.2) < 0.001
 Asthma 348 (4.9) 56 (11.9) < 0.001
Congenital anomalies 1599 (22.7) 10 (2.1) < 0.001
Neurological disorders 597 (8.5) 30 (6.4) 0.11
Injury and external cause 501 (7.1) 137 (29.0) < 0.001
Neoplasms 534 (7.6) 5 (1.1) < 0.001
Endocrine/metabolic diseases 197 (2.8) 77 (16.3) < 0.001
Circulatory system disorders 267 (3.8) 18 (3.8) 0.98
Infections (except respiratory) 255 (3.6) 11 (2.3) 0.14
Musculoskeletal disorders 243 (3.5) 5 (1.7) 0.005
Appendicitis 41 (0.6) 6 (1.3) 0.07
Complications of medical care 152 (2.2) a (0.9) 0.05
Other miscellaneous 655 (9.3) 48 (10.2) 0.52
Chronic disease conditions b
 none 1561 (22.1) 158 (33.5) < 0.001
 1 3638 (51.6) 271 (57.4) 0.01
  ≥ 2 1854 (26.3) 43 (9.1) < 0.001
  1. aCell size < 5
  2. bCategorized according to Hardelid
  3. cTest of two proportions (row values)