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Table 1 Characteristics of Patients at Risk of Readmission by HIV Status (N = 2776)

From: HIV and early hospital readmission: evaluation of a tertiary medical facility in Lilongwe, Malawi

Characteristics HIV-positive (1001) HIV-negative (n = 961) HIV-unknown (n = 814) P-value
N, % N, % N, %
Gender
 Male 475 (47.5) 481 (50.1) 425 (52.2)  
 Female 526 (52.6) 480 (50.0) 389 (47.8) 0.127
Age (years)
 14–20 yrs 33 (3.3) 124 (12.9) 91 (11.2)  
 21–30 yrs 204 (20.4) 231 (24.0) 171 (21.0)  
 31–40 yrs 377 (37.7) 184 (19.1) 161 (19.8)  
 41–50 yrs 191 (19.1) 105 (10.9) 96 (11.8)  
 50+ yrs 126 (12.6) 237 (24.7) 233 (28.6)  
 Missingb 70 (7.0) 80 (8.3) 62 (7.6) < 0.0001
Outcome (index admission)a
 Discharge 947 (94.6) 922 (95.9) 777 (95.5)  
 Abscond 17 (1.7) 16 (1.7) 30 (3.7)  
 Transfer 36 (3.6) 17 (1.8) 7 (0.9)  
 Missing 1 (0.1) 6 (0.6) 0 < 0.0001
LOS (index admission)a
 0–1 days 99 (9.9) 127 (13.2) 181 (22.2)  
 2–7 days 626 (62.5) 611 (63.6) 512 (62.9)  
 8–15 days 214 (21.4) 165 (17.2) 86 (10.6)  
  ≥ 16 days 61 (6.1) 58 (6.0) 34 (4.2)  
 Missing 1 (0.1) 0 1 (0.1) < 0.0001
  1. aLOS length of stay in the hospital during a hospitalization, bMissing values are included when calculating percentages.
  2. Demographic, clinical outcomes and hospitalization characteristics are described and compared by HIV status