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Table 2 Unadjusted subgroup means of processeda quarterly health costs in the first year after baselineb

From: Telemedical monitoring of patients with chronic heart failure has a positive effect on total health costs

  Intervention group Control group
Mean (CI 95%) N Mean (CI 95%) N
All Patients € 2921 (2773–3068) 1873 € 2929 (2816–3041) 3590
Survived first year € 2397 (2279–2515) 1670 € 2417 (2320–2514) 3105
Died € 7229 (6509–7948) 203 € 6176 (5728–6625) 485
Male € 2941 (2740–3142) 1004 € 3013 (2854–3172) 1925
Female € 2897 (2679–3115) 869 € 2830 (2673–2987) 1665
Urban (Berlin) € 3023 (2845–3200) 1405 € 3086 (2844–3329) 930
Rural € 2615 (2360–2869) 468 € 2873 (2748–2999) 2660
Total health costs € 2921 (2773–3068) 1873 € 2929 (2816–3041) 3590
Inpatient € 1557 (1441–1673) 1873 € 1500 (1419–1580) 3590
Outpatient € 364 (322–405) 1873 € 346 (309–382) 3590
Drugs € 508 (487–529) 1873 € 531 (515–547) 3590
Remedy € 57 (50–63) 1873 € 47 (42–51) 3590
Adjuvant € 115 (104–126) 1873 € 133 (124–142) 3590
Home health care € 155 (134–176) 1873 € 179 (163–194) 3590
Travel costs € 160 (142–178) 1873 € 193 (176–209) 3590
Rehabilitation € 5 (3–6) 1873 € 2 (1–3) 3590
  1. aHealth costs after performing the excluding-and-capping algorithm
  2. bMaximally 4 quarter years, less for patients who died within first year