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Table 3 Characteristics of TB patients on treatment by type of treatment support received

From: Community-based directly observed treatment for TB patients to improve HIV services: a cross-sectional study in a South African province

Characteristic Number (%) having each characteristic by type of support Total patients Significant difference in characteristic by type of support
Home-based DOT Clinic-based DOT Family/friend/employer support No one
Total N 155 114 523 309 1101
Male (%) 72 (46.5) 69 (60.5) 265 (50.7) 147 (47.6) 553 (50.2) NS
Mean age (SD) 42.0 (14.3) 40.0 (11.1) 38.0 (12.7) 38.3 (14.3) 38.8 (12.6) ** (Note 2)
Unemployed (%) 125 (80.6) 85 (74.6) 388 (74.2) 225 (72.8) 823 (74.7) NS
Unmarried and not cohabiting (%) 75 (48.4) 62 (54.4) 290 (55.4) 191 (61.8) 618 (56.1) *
Very poor housing (%) 22 (14.2) 34 (29.8) 136 (26.0) 62 (20.1) 254 (23.1) **
No or only primary education (%) 51 (35.5) 41 (36.0) 141 (27.0) 93 (31.1) 326 (29.6) NS
Undergoing retreatment for TB (%) 25 (16.1) 32 (28.0) 101 (19.3) 66 (21.3) 224 (20.3) NS
  1. Note 1: *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; NS = Not significant; Chi-square test for differences in proportions. T-test for difference in means
  2. Note 2: Mean age for DOT at home is significantly different from Family/friends and No one, P < 0.01. Other age differences are non-significant
  3. Note 3: Type of support measured by responses to the question: “Who is supporting you while you are on TB treatment?”