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Table 4 Aggregate characteristics of the articles from the review

From: Identifying barriers for out of hospital emergency care in low and low-middle income countries: a systematic review

Study Design
 Observational 71% (22/31)
 Reviews 13% (4/31)
 Evaluations/reports 13% (4/31)
 Qualitative 3% (1/31)
Geographic Focus
 Sub-Saharan Africa 58% (18/31)
 India 16% (5/31)
 Pakistan 13% (4/31)
 More than one country 13% (4/31)
Populations Addressed
 Urban 39% (12/31)
 Rural 16% (5/31)
 Both 39% (12/31)
Disease Focus
 Medical emergencies 45% (14/31)
 Obstetric care 39% (12/31)
 Trauma care 16% (5/31)
Type of OHEC system
 Hospital-based 29% (9/31)
 Paramedic-based 26% (8/31)
 Physician-based 3% (1/31)
 Private company 3% (1/31)
 No organized OHEC (bystanders or family members provide care) 13% (4/31)
 Topic not addressed 26% (8/31)